THE CLAN MCDUCK

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Clan McDuck

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Malcolm McDuck Eider McDuck Quackly McDuck Roast McDuck Hugh McDuck Jake McDuck Matilda McDuck Downy O'Drake Fergus McDuck Hortense McDuck Scrooge McDuck Angus "Pothole" McDuck

Glasgow 1877, Clan McDuck portrait by Don Rosa; left to right: Jake, Matilda, Downy, Fergus, Hortense, Scrooge(age 10), and Angus; wall portraits: Malcolm, Eider, Quackly, Roast, and Hugh (Clicking on a character will take you to their section.)

The Clan McDuck is a fictional Scottish clan of cartoon ducks from which Disney character Scrooge McDuck is descended. Within the Donald Duck universe, the clan is related to the American Duck family through the marriage of Hortense McDuck and Quackmore Duck, Donald‘s parents.

Clan McDuck was created by American comic book author Carl Barks, who also created the character of Scrooge McDuck. Barks’ 1948 story ”The Old Castle’s Secret,” in which Scrooge and his nephews search for hidden treasure in McDuck Castle, introduced the backstory of the clan. Other authors built on Barks’ work, most notably Don Rosa in his 12-part comic saga The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck (1992–94) which introduced Scrooge’s immediate family.

Literary origins[edit]

Carl barks.jpgDon Rosa in Helsinki 2008.JPG
Carl Barks (left) and Don Rosa (right)

In the early 1950s, Carl Barks was in his second decade of creating comic book stories starring Donald Duck and his various relatives. He had personally created several of the latter, including cousin Gladstone Gander and uncle Scrooge McDuck, although the specific relationships between them were still uncertain. To better define these relationships, Barks created a version of the McDuck/Duck/Coot family tree for his own personal benefit, incidentally creating several additional characters.

During his retirement, Barks’ stories remained popular and gained him unexpected fame. Barks gave several interviews during which he answered questions about his stories and the characters he had created. In 1981, Barks described his personal version of Donald’s family tree, which was used by amateur artist Mark Worden in drawing the family tree and including portraits of the characters mentioned. Worden’s tree was first published in several fanzines, and later in the Disney-licensed Carl Barks Library, a ten-volume hardcover collection of Barks’ stories in black-and-white.

In 1987, Don Rosa, a long-time fan of Carl Barks and a personal friend of Mark Worden, started creating his own stories featuring Scrooge McDuck. His stories contained numerous references to older stories by Barks as well as several original ideas. After several years he gained a fan base of his own. In the early 1990s, the Egmont Group, the publishing house employing Rosa, offered him an ambitious assignment: he was to create the definitive version of Scrooge’s biography and a family tree to accompany it. The project was intended to end decades of contradictions between stories which caused confusion to readers. The project was to become The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. The family tree accompanying it was first published in Norway on July 3, 1993.

In the process of working on Scrooge’s biography, Rosa studied Barks’ old stories in detail. Rosa made note of as many clues as he could of Scrooge’s past given by Barks – which Rosa dubbed ”Barksian facts” – and used them to write new stories. Despite the ambitious nature of the project, Rosa himself stressed in the introduction to the book ”…this version of Scrooge’s life is not the ‘official’ version – there’s no particular reason why I (or anyone else) should expect other Duck writers to adhere to my vision of Scrooge’s history. As carefully and authentically as I sought to construct it, it was never intended to be anything but my personal telling of the life of Scrooge McDuck.”[1]

The seat of Clan McDuck[edit]

The seat of Clan McDuck is McDuck Castle (alternately called Castle McDuck) which is located in Dismal Downs, somewhere in Rannoch Moor, a non-fictional location within Scotland. The nearest village is the fictional MacDuich. The castle usually appears in good condition considering its great age. However, in the Barks story ”Hound of the Whiskervilles” (1960) the castle is in ruins.

The comics continuity does not establish when McDuck Castle was built, but it first appears (on the fictional timeline) in 946 when the Saxons laid siege to it. For many centuries the castle served as the home of the clan chief. In 1675, the McDucks were run out of the castle due to the depredations of a ”monstrous devil dog” in Dismal Downs, later discovered to be a plot by the rival Clan Whiskerville.[2] At this time, many of the McDucks moved to the village of MacDuich and to Glasgow. Even after their departure, the clan still owned the castle and continued to pay the taxes by pooling their incomes. By 1885, only Fergus and Jake McDuck remain to pay the taxes, but their combined income is not enough, causing the Crown to auction it off. Scrooge then buys the estate, allowing his family to reoccupy the castle. He also hires local dogface Scottie McTerrier as caretaker.[3] Sometime after Scottie’s death, Scrooge’s sister Matilda becomes caretaker.[4]

In the DuckTales continuity, Castle McDuck was built by Scrooge’s great-great grandfather Silas who incorporated the castle into an existing Druid stone circle to save on construction costs. This story would date the castle itself to about the 18th century. The Druids, seeking revenge on the McDucks for taking away their sacred meeting place, scared the clan away using trained phosphorescent hounds. Years later, Scrooge returns with Huey, Dewey, Louie, and Webby and uncovers the mystery. Scrooge befriends the Druids and partners with them to turn Castle McDuck into a tourist attraction. Scrooge plans to give a share of the profit to the Druids as reparations for desecrating their stone circle. The story is loosely based on the Barks story ”Hound of the Whiskervilles”, which was in turn loosely based on The Hound of the Baskervilles.[5]

The castle appears in the Carl Barks stories The Old Castle’s Secret (1948) and Hound of the Whiskervilles (1960) and in the Don Rosa stories The Last of the Clan McDuck(1992), The New Laird of Castle McDuck (1993), The Billionaire of Dismal Downs (1993) and The Old Castle’s Other Secret or A Letter from Home (2004). Other comic book authors have also used the castle, such as Andrew Galton, Dave Angus, and Vicar in The Crying Monster (1982). In the TV series DuckTales, McDuck Castle appears in the episode ”The Curse of Castle McDuck”.

Tartans of Clan MacDuck[edit]

In 1942, five years before the creation of Scrooge McDuck as a character, the Disney corporation created and registered a yellow, red, and green tartan pattern called ”MacDuck Final Version” and used it to sell war bonds during World War II. The pattern currently has the Scottish Tartans Authority reference number 1121 and is included in the official Scottish Register of Tartans. In 1984, Disney also created a brown, green, and black tartan which was registered as ”MacDuck” with the Scottish Tartans World Register of the now-defunct Scottish Tartans Society (reference number 1080). This pattern is not officially recognized in Scotland. Nevertheless, both the 1121 and 1080 patterns are non-fictional in nature and available as bolts of cloth or finished kilts and other garments from the House of Tartan.[6]

The fictional McDuck tartan first appears in 1960 in Hound of the Whiskervilles. However, the coloring of the tartan was not Barks’ decision but that of colorists working for Dell Comics, which first published the story; subsequent publications showed the tartan having differing colors. When Don Rosa decided to include the tartan in his stories, he used the original coloring of green and orange. Nevertheless, some European publications have still shown variations in Rosa’s color scheme.[7] (See Sir Roast McDuck’s tam o’ shanter cap in the illustration at the top of the page, which was first published in France.)[8] The old clansmen seen on DuckTales wear a green and orange tartan, but of a slightly different design from that of the comics.

MacDuck Final Version (STA 1121)
MacDuck (STWR 1080)
Fictional McDuck tartan as drawn by Carl Barks and colored by Dell colorists

Ancient ancestors[edit]

Scrooge Shah and Prince Donduk[edit]

Scrooge Shah was the last king of Sagbad and the earliest known ancestor of Scrooge McDuck. A young King Khan Khan (2050 BC-1967 AD) sacked the city of Sagbad in 2033 BC, but Scrooge Shah and Prince Donduk, his heir apparent, managed to escape. Khan Khan lost their tracks, but would much later locate their distant descendants. Scrooge Shah features in the story ”King Scrooge the First” (1967) by Carl Barks and Tony Strobl.

Pah-Peh-Rheo[edit]

Pah-Peh-Rheo lived in the 1st century BC and was the founding father of Clan McDuck. He was born in Egypt and became a Roman citizen, taking the name Petronius Paperonius. Originally following a campaign of the Roman army to Britain, he eventually decided to settle in Caledonia (the Roman name for Scotland) among the ancient Picts. He was also a non-royal uncle of Cleopatra.[9] Pah-Peh-Rheo appears in the eight-part ”Storia e gloria della dinastia dei paperi” (1970; English: History and Glory of the Duck Dynasty) by Romano Scarpa, Giorgio Cavazzano, and Giovan Battista Carpi.

Medieval McDucks[edit]

Eider McDuck[edit]

Sir Eider McDuck (880-946; from earlier Eider MacDuich) was the chief of Clan McDuck during an Anglo-Saxon invasion in 946 (despite England and Scotland signing a peace treaty in 945). Eider was killed during the Anglo-Saxons’ siege of McDuck Castle after his serfs abandoned him. He had refused to buy them arrows because they were too expensive, and only paid his serfs, collectively, 30 copper pieces an hour.[10][11] Eider McDuck is first mentioned in Barks’ The Old Castle’s Secret (1948).

Friar Juicy McDuck (910-971) and Sir Smokt McDuck (b. 921) are buried in the McDuck cemetery as seen in the Carl Barks painting Dubious Doings at Dismal Downs.

Quackly McDuck[edit]

Sir Quackly McDuck (1010-1057; from earlier Quackly MacDuich) was clan chief when King Macbeth was killed in 1057. That same year, Macbeth offered Quackly a treasure chest in exchange for his support in the ongoing war for the throne. Quackly agreed and served the king during the war, but became obsessed with protecting the treasure, eventually trapping himself inside the castle walls with it. Quackly and his treasure became a McDuck legend, and it is believed that his ghost continues to protect the treasure and the castle.[11]

In 1877, Quackly’s ghost saves a young Scrooge McDuck from the Whiskervilles of Dismal Downs. Without revealing his true identity, he suggests to Scrooge that he travel to America and work for his Uncle Pothole, thus serving as the catalyst for all of Scrooge’s adventures. In 1885, Quackly again tries to save Scrooge, but his action unintentionally brings about Scrooge’s temporary death. In heaven, Quackly is reprimanded by his relatives for interfering in earthly events.[10][12] Quackly McDuck is first mentioned in The Old Castle’s Secret (1948) by Carl Barks, and first appears in The Last of the Clan McDuck (1994) by Don Rosa.

Stuft McDuck[edit]

Sir Stuft McDuck (1110-1175) was a successful chief of Clan McDuck who oversaw a period of prosperity.[10]

Roast McDuck[edit]

Sir Roast McDuck (1159-1205) succeeded his father, Stuft McDuck, as clan chief, at which point Clan McDuck was one of the richest clans in Scotland. However, in 1189, Roast offered much of the clan’s wealth to the king of Scotland, William the Lion, after William asked for his help in paying tribute to Richard I of England. This act of patriotic generosity led to financial ruin for the clan. Aside from this imprudence, Roast is primarily remembered for his gluttony. In 1205 he raided the king’s pantry and ate himself to death. Roast’s memorial suit of armor displayed in Castle McDuck holds a knife and fork in its hands.[11][12] The character is first mentioned in The Old Castle’s Secret (1948) by Carl Barks. He has a small speaking role in The Last of the Clan McDuck (1994) but makes his first appearance in The New Laird of Castle McDuck.

Swamphole McDuck[edit]

Sir Swamphole McDuck (1190-1260)[13] succeeded his father Roast McDuck as clan chief and inherited its financial problems. In 1220, Swamphole sealed the dungeon of Castle McDuck, stated as an attempt to decrease maintenance costs. He did, however, create secret passageways in the castle leading to the dungeons. (These passageways would later be useful during subsequent sieges.) After his death in 1260, Swamphole was not buried in the clan cemetery, rather, his skeleton was placed inside his memorial suit of armor which was placed in Castle McDuck. Swamphole McDuck is first mentioned in The Old Castle’s Secret by Carl Barks.[11] In The Old Castle’s Other Secret or A Letter from Home (2004) by Don Rosa, it is revealed that Swamphole sealed the dungeons not to reduce maintenance costs, but to conceal a treasure.

Donald McDuck[edit]

Sir Donald McDuck, nicknamed ”Black Donald” because of his foul temper, is said to have invented golf, hammer throw, and caber toss in 1440. His temper while playing golf resulted in James II of Scotland outlawing the sport. Black Donald is mentioned in ”The History of the Clan McDuck” by Don Rosa.

Simon McDuck[edit]

Sir Simon McDuck (1437-1509) was the treasurer of the Knights Templar and hid their treasure beneath McDuck Castle. He is mentioned in The Old Castle’s Other Secret or A Letter from Home (2004) by Don Rosa.

Early modern McDucks[edit]

Malcolm McDuck[edit]

Malcolm ”Matey” McDuck (1530-1564?) was a McDuck relative who settled in England and is suggested to be a previous incarnation of Scrooge McDuck. Malcolm served in the English Navy, and in 1563 he became first mate of the frigate HMS Falcon Rover, serving under Captain Loyal Hawk. The Falcon Rover raided Spanish targets in the Caribbean Sea between 1563 and 1564. Also serving on the Falcon Rover was the boatswain, Pintail Duck, an ancestor of Donald Duck.

Malcolm is said to have lost his life on 9 December 1564 when the Spanish fleet sunk the HMS Falcon Rover. However, in 1579, Malcolm was also said to have commanded the newly founded Ford Drakeborough, an establishment that in 1818 was taken over by Cornelius Coot and renamed Fort Duckburg.[14] Malcolm first appears in ”Back to Long Ago!” (1956) by Carl Barks.

Locksley McDuck[edit]

Locksley McDuck was an 18th-century McDuck relative. Sometime after 1707, he became an associate of Scottish outlaw Rob Roy MacGregor who is characterized as a noble thief who would ”rob from the rich to give to the poor”. Lockely’s alliance with MacGregor would come to an end after Locksley was unable to ”give to the poor” after having robbed the rich. He is mentioned in The History of The Clan McDuck by Don Rosa. His name is derived from ”Robin of Loxley”, a traditional name for Robin Hood.

Hugh McDuck[edit]

Captain Hugh ”Seafoam” McDuck (1710-1776) was a McDuck relative who settled in Glasgow in 1727, as the clan had been driven from their ancestral home of Dismal Downs in 1675. Hugh turned to the sea for a living and became a successful merchant. He obtained his own ship, the Golden Goose, and became known by the nickname ”Seafoam”.

In 1753, Seafoam McDuck signed a contract with Chisel ”Swindle” McSue to deliver a cargo of horseradish to Jamaica. But McSue sabotaged the Golden Goose and the ship sank before reaching Jamaica. Upon returning to Scotland, Seafoam McDuck learned that his contract with McSue contained fine print stating that if the shipment was not completed, McDuck would forfeit all his possessions to McSue. Seafoam escaped with nothing but the clothes on his back, a silver pocket watch, and the golden dentures in his mouth.[15] It is later presumed that Seafoam was involved in the American Revolutionary War and died in 1776. His descendant Quagmire McDuck inherited the silver pocket watch. Seafoam McDuck first appears in The Horseradish Story (1953) by Carl Barks.

Silas McDuck[edit]

According to the DuckTales episode ”The Curse of Castle McDuck”, Silas McDuck was Scrooge’s great-great grandfather who built McDuck Castle. In order to save on construction costs, Silas had built the castle on an ancient Druid stone circle, incurring the wrath of the Druids. Silas’ portrait is seen hanging in the castle when Scrooge visits.

Modern family tree by Carl Barks[edit]

The family tree below shows the McDuck portion of Donald’s family tree according to Carl Barks. The chart is based on a 1950s sketch made by Barks for personal use, which was latter illustrated by artist Mark Worden in 1981. According to Barks, Matilda McDuck is married to Goosetail Gander, and the couple adopts Donald’s cousin Gladstone. The character Old ”Scotty” McDuck does not appear in any stories, but eventually became Fergus McDuck in Don Rosa’s stories.

Modern family tree by Don Rosa[edit]

This family tree is based on the work of Don Rosa.[16]

Modern McDucks (1st generation)[edit]

Dingus McDuck[edit]

”Dirty” Dingus McDuck, was Scrooge’s grandfather. He worked as a coal miner,[17] married Molly Mallard, and had three sons – Angus, Fergus, and Jake. He appeared in Don Rosa’s illustrated family tree, but has not appeared in any stories.

A 1960s story by Bob Gregory and Tony Strobl identifies Scrooge’s grandfather as Titus McDuck who was also a coal miner.[18] It is unclear if Titus is an alternate spelling or another grandfather.

Molly Mallard[edit]

Molly Mallard was the wife of Dingus McDuck and the mother of Angus, Fergus, and Jake McDuck. Her first and only appearance was in an illustrated family tree created by Don Rosa; she has not appeared in any stories.

Quagmire McDuck[edit]

Quagmire McDuck was Dingus McDuck’s brother and Scrooge McDuck’s great uncle. He inherited a silver watch from his ancestor Hugh ”Seafoam” McDuck and passed it on to his nephew Fergus. After his death, Quagmire’s estate remained unclaimed. Quagmire appears in the Carl Barks story ”The Heirloom Watch” (1955).[19]

Modern McDucks (2nd generation)[edit]

Angus ”Pothole” McDuck[edit]

Angus ”Pothole” McDuck (born 1829) is the first child of Dingus and Molly McDuck, and is Scrooge’s uncle. Angus was born in Glasgow in 1829.[10] He was first mentioned in ”The Great Steamboat Race” by Carl Barks and later appeared in person in a handful of stories by Don Rosa.

Angus migrated to the United States during the late 1840s. In 1850 he was working as a cabin boy in the Mississippi riverboat Drennan Whyte when it sunk. He was the only survivor.[20] He continued working on Mississippi riverboats and he had obtained his own by 1861, named Cotton Queen. Around the time of the American Civil War (1861–1865) he became quite successful as a river boater. Soon after the end of the war in 1865 he and fellow river boater Porker Hogg became the co-owners of Cornpone Gables, a Southern plantation that had gone bankrupt. The two were unable to settle their differences and they decided to have a riverboat race in 1870 to decide who would be the owner. Both riverboats sank. Porker had two more riverboats but Angus spent the next ten years as a professional card player.

In 1880, in a poker game with Porker, Angus won the rights to one of his rival’s riverboats, named Dilly Dollar. Porker soon lost his other riverboat to Blackheart Beagle and his sons, the first generation of the Beagle Boys, a family of outlaws, and retired. Angus on the other hand hired his nephew Scrooge McDuck and a penniless inventor named Ratchet Gearloose as his crew. Business wasn’t going well and Angus decided to retire in 1882. He left his riverboat to his nephew and settled down in New Orleans.[20]

He became the writer of a series of dime novels under the title The Master of Mississippi, based on a highly exaggerated description of his life. His dime novels became very popular and to have more material to add he occasionally traveled through the country.[21] In the story ”The Vigilante of Pizen Bluff” by Don Rosa, he is seen appearing at Buffalo Bill‘s Wild West. After the show’s money is stolen by the Dalton Gang, Angus rides out with Bill, Scrooge, P. T. Barnum, Annie Oakley, and Geronimo to stop the bandits.[21]

Angus’ exact date of death is unknown.

In 1955, Porker’s nephew, Horseshoe Hogg, and Scrooge McDuck would bring their uncles’ steamboats back to the surface to finish the race for Cornpone Gables. Scrooge won, only to learn that 85 years of disuse made the mansion so fragile that he accidentally destroyed it with a sneeze.

Fergus McDuck[edit]

Fergus McDuck (1830-1902[22]) is the second child of Dingus and Molly McDuck and the father of Scrooge McDuck. As such he is a prominent character in The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck.

He was born in Glasgow in 1830 to Dingus McDuck and Molly Mallard, who were both working as coal miners at the time. He spent most of his life as a mill worker.[10]

According to a story by William Van Horn, Fergus at some point had a short marriage with an unidentified woman, with whom he had the son Rumpus McFowl.[23] He later married Downy O’Drake, his wife in Rosa’s stories, who became the mother of four of his children – Scrooge, Scrooge’s Twin Brother ”Mani Buche” De’ Paperoni, Matilda, and Hortense. An Italian character, Gideon McDuck, might also be a son of Fergus.

The rest of Fergus’ biography is shown in The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. In 1877 he encouraged his son to work to have his own money. Scrooge’s obvious intelligence, skill at hard work and ambition made his father believe that Scrooge would be able to restore Clan McDuck to its former glory.[12]

In 1885 the Clan’s hereditary lands would have been seized due to Fergus’ inability to pay his taxes. But Scrooge spent his savings at the time ($10,000) to pay the taxes and become the new owner of their lands.[24] While Scrooge was away, Fergus and his family moved back to Castle McDuck, abandoned for centuries in Dismal Downs. The family continued to work to pay for the taxes and Scrooge sent them most all of the money he earned while traveling. Fergus became a widower in 1897.

Scrooge became rich in the Klondike and returned to Scotland in 1902 as a billionaire. Scrooge’s intention was originally to settle in Dismal Downs but he quickly changed his mind and decided to settle in the United States. He wanted to take his family with him. His sisters accepted but Fergus decided to stay. He died during the night, aged 67, and was re-united with his wife Downy and the rest of the McDuck-clan as his three children left Scotland.[22]

In the NES game DuckTales 2, Scrooge and his nephews found a piece of a treasure map that apparently belonged to Fergus. It claimed to lead to Fergus’ lost treasure. However, due to Fergus’ inability to pay taxes, it is presumed that this map is not canonical to The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck, unless such treasure was obtained later in his life.

In Don Rosa‘s The Old Castle’s Other Secret or A Letter from Home, it’s revealed that Fergus tried to find the Knights Templar treasure hidden in the castle McDuck by one of his ancestors, a Knight himself. Even though Fergus decided not to tell Scrooge about the treasure, he learns about it through other ways and, like Matilda McDuck, thinks Fergus kept the secret from him because he disapproved Scrooge. In the middle of their way to the treasure, Scrooge, Matilda and Scrooge’s nephews find a letter from Fergus, who believed Scrooge would eventually find it, revealing the reason he hid the secret from Scrooge is that Scrooge would feel better building his own fortune instead of inheriting one.[25]

Downy O’Drake[edit]

Downy McDuck (née O’Drake; 1840-1897) is Scrooge McDuck’s mother. She was created by Don Rosa and first appears in The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. She is of Irish origin and was born in 1840.[22] She married Fergus McDuck and became the mother of five children: Scrooge, De’ Paperoni, Matilda, and Hortense. Downy has 2 sisters one named Vera and a brother named Angus.

She was a very devoted housewife and mother. She settled in Castle McDuck at Dismal Downs, Clan McDuck’s old castle, along with her family in 1885. She died in 1897,[22] and was buried in the McDucks’ cemetery.[22]

Jake McDuck[edit]

Jake McDuck (1832-?) is Scrooge McDuck’s uncle. He was mentioned in the story ”A Christmas for Shacktown” (1952) by Carl Barks, in which Donald Duck dresses up as Jake in an attempt to trick Scrooge into giving money to charity.

The character was later used by Don Rosa, and appears in three of twelve original chapters of Rosa’s The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. He lived in the same house as his brother Fergus McDuck and helped Fergus and his wife Downy O’Drake to raise their children.[12] He settled in McDuck castle along with his brother in 1885.[24] However, it appears that by 1902, Jake was no longer living there.

According to Rosa’s sketches and timelines, Jake was born in 1832[10] to coal miners Dingus McDuck and Molly Mallard, and grew up to become a stockyard hand in Glasgow. His date of death is unknown, but it appears that both Scrooge and Donald believed him to be alive in 1952.

Modern McDucks (3rd generation)[edit]

Rumpus McFowl[edit]

Rumpus McFowl was created by William Van Horn and introduced as a lazy and greedy cousin of Scrooge McDuck. It was soon revealed that he was Scrooge’s half-brother. His exact relationship with the other characters is unknown. It has been stated, however, that his mother was briefly married to Fergus McDuck Before he married Downy.(In Giles Maurice’s tree she is stated to be Downy’s sister) and then adopted by his mother and Mr. McFowl.

Scrooge McDuck[edit]

Main article: Scrooge McDuck

Scrooge McDuck (1867,according to Don Rosa) is the first child of Fergus and Downy McDuck and is the protagonist of most stories involving the Clan McDuck. He does not marry and has no offspring of his own, although he does come to maintain close relationships with his nephew Donald Duck and his grandnephews Huey, Dewey, and Louie Duck.

”Mani buche” De’ Paperoni[edit]

”Mani buche” De’ Paperoni (note ”De’ Paperoni” is the clan name in Italian) is presented as Scrooge’s twin brother in the Italian story ”Paperino e l’Uomo del West” (Donald Duck and the Man from the West), written by Guido Martina and drawn by Giovan Battista Carpi.

”Mani buche” is a philanthropist and lives in Arizona. In Italian, his name literally means ”hands with holes”, an idiom used in Italy to portray someone who spends a lot of money (i.e. his hands can’t hold the money so it drains away like water).

Gideon McDuck[edit]

Gideon represented in an Italian-made picture, holding a copy of ”The Cricket” (Il Grillo Parlante)

Gideon McDuck (Gedeone de’ Paperoni in original Italian) is presented as Scrooge McDuck‘s younger brother, and mainly appears in Italian comic stories; in those stories, Gideon is the editor of the newspaper ”The Cricket”,[26] the most credible newspaper in Duckburg. Gideon also has an antagonistic relationship with his brother Scrooge.

The character was created by Romano Scarpa, and first appeared in a story published on February 10, 1956.[26]

Gideon’s existence is inconsistent with Carl Barks‘s view of Scrooge as presented in ”The Old Castle’s Secret”.[11] In this story, Scrooge states that he is the last of the Clan McDuck. Though Don Rosa hasn’t used him in his family tree or his timelines it has been purposed that he could be an illegitimate son of Fergus McDuck born somewhere between the death of Fergus’ wife on 1897 and Fergus’ own death on 1902. That would mean that Scrooge is the last legitimate McDuck. Gideon is now considered the last of Fergus’ six children and a younger half-brother of Rumpus McFowl, Scrooge McDuck, De’ Paperoni McDuck, Matilda McDuck and Hortense McDuck.

Matilda McDuck[edit]

Matilda McDuck (born 1871) is one of Scrooge McDuck’s two sisters. She was first mentioned in Carl Barks’ 1950s sketch for a Duck family tree, where she was shown to have adopted Gladstone Gander.[27] The Matilda McDuck character was dropped in Barks’ 1991 Duck Family Tree sketch (where Gladstone Gander is the biological grandson of Grandma Duck and not related to Scrooge), but Don Rosa picked up the name, and used Matilda McDuck as a prominent character in The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck.

Matilda McDuck was born in Glasgow, Scotland in 1871 to Fergus McDuck and Downy O’Drake.[10] She is the younger sister of Scrooge McDuck. She has a younger sister named Hortense.

In contrast to Scrooge and Hortense’s fiery tempers, she usually had a calm demeanor. In 1902 Scrooge returned to Scotland and took both of his sisters with him to go to America.[22] When he established his base in Duckburg, Calisota, United States he left Matilda and Hortense to run his empire from 1902 to 1930. In the meantime he traveled the world expanding his financial empire. In 1930, a conflict with Scrooge ended all relationships between him and his family, and his sisters are believed to have left Duckburg.[28]

In the story The Old Castle’s Other Secret or A Letter from Home (2004), Don Rosa used Matilda McDuck in a non-Life and Times story for the first time. In this story, it is shown that she was hired by her nephew Donald Duck (son of Hortense) to tend the McDuck castle in Scotland. The story shows the reconciliation between Matilda and Scrooge. It is suggested that Donald deliberately set them up for a reunion. Unfortunately, he did not get the thanks he expected. This is the first time Huey, Dewey, and Louie met their great aunt. In that story, Scrooge returns to McDuck Castle for another treasure and learns from Matilda that his family already knew about the treasure but their father Fergus decided not to tell Scrooge about it. Both Scrooge and Matilda thought that was because of Fergus’ disapproval of Scrooge’s greedy ways but after finding a letter on the way for the treasure (hence the other title ”A Letter from Home”) they learn Fergus’s real motive was the fact he thought Scrooge would feel better building his own fortune instead of simply inheriting one.

Matilda, while trying to leave the castle, mentions Hortense. However, in the commentary in the American printing of the story, Don Rosa states that he was prevented from using Hortense because he would have had to explain why she had abandoned her family. So Hortense’s fate remains a mystery. In the notes to the Danish publication of the story (Hall of Fame – Don Rosa Book 10), it is stated that the publisher decided that Hortense was ”officially dead”.

Matilda is usually drawn with a flower on her hat, which loses a petal in each panel in which she appears.

Don Rosa has suggested that Matilda McDuck could have married the well-known Disney character Ludwig Von Drake.[29]

Hortense McDuck[edit]

Hortense Duck (née McDuck; b. 1876) was introduced as a relatively well-connected member of her family. A daughter-in-law to Grandma Duck, a sister to Matilda McDuck and Scrooge McDuck, wife to Quackmore Duck, sister-in-law of Goosetave Gander and Daphne Duck, aunt to Gladstone Gander, mother to Della Duck and Donald Duck, and finally grandmother to Huey, Dewey, and Louie.

Hortense was born in 1876 in Glasgow, Scotland as the youngest child of Fergus McDuck and Downy O’Drake. In Barks’ tree, her older brother was Scrooge McDuck and her older sister Matilda McDuck. Some non-Barks writers gave Scrooge two half-brothers, Rumpus McFowl and Gideon McDuck, though these do not appear in Barks’ conception of the family. De’ Paperoni is a twin of Scrooge in a story. Jake McDuck, her paternal uncle, was also living with them.

Hortense was born in a working class family living in relative poverty. In 1877 her ten-year-old brother Scrooge started working as a shoe polisher in an effort to help support his family. At the time Hortense was merely an infant sucking on her thumb. She observed from a distance with her father and sister while her brother earned the number one dime. Scrooge would spend some of his leisure time with his younger sisters, and occasionally repaired their dolls. Otherwise Hortense spent most of her time clinging to her older sister.

By 1880, Scrooge came to realise that his earnings were not enough despite his hard work and efforts. He emigrated to the United States in hopes of earning his own fortune. He was hired as a cabin boy on a merchant ship heading to New Orleans. Scrooge noted that Hortense’s ”Bye, Scroogey” were her first spoken words. Before that, all she could say was ”glxblt”.

From an early age it was obvious Hortense had a fairly nasty temper combined with considerable strength, and on at least one occasion (in The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck, Chapter 10) she has been called a spitfire. In 1882, Scrooge was hired as a cowboy by Murdo MacKenzie. To do this he had to ride Widow Maker, a mare who had already managed to dispose of five other cowboys. Scrooge soon managed to become her rider although he never really managed to tame her. He renamed the horse Hortenseafter his spirited six-year-old sister. The latter found this idea unflattering at best.

In 1885, the Clan McDuck’s hereditary lands were in danger of being seized due to her father being unable to pay taxes. The lands also included Dismal Downs, the Clan’s castle which had been abandoned since 1675. The Whiskervilles, traditional enemies of the McDucks since the 15th century, planned to gain ownership of the lands and were already trying to plunder the castle and its graveyard in search of old relics and treasure. Fergus and Jake guarded the Castle in order to stop them. Nine-year-old Hortense offered to help them and proved more effective in conflict than either of the elder McDucks. The Whiskervilles came to fear her.

In 1902 Scrooge McDuck returned to Scotland to fetch Hortense and their sister Matilda McDuck. When Scrooge established Duckburg, Calisota as his home base he started journeying the world trying to expand his financial empire. One of her proudest moments was when she single handedly caused the entire US military to flee Killmotor Hill armed only with a broom and her bad temper, much to the shame of the current president, Theodore Roosevelt, and the fear of the soldiers. From 1902 till 1930, she and Matilda ran Scrooge’s empire from his home base while he was away. During these years Hortense met her boyfriend, Quackmore Duck, whom she married in 1920. Later the same year she gave birth to twins. Her son was named Donald Duck and her daughter Della Duck. Of the two only the boy inherited his mother’s temper. A fight with Scrooge in 1930 ended all relationships between Scrooge and his family and she retired. She was thought deceased by 1948, because in this year Scrooge claimed he was the last McDuck. However, Matilda has since turned up alive and well, in a story by Don Rosa; there she also refers to Hortense, though Hortense is not seen. In the notes to the Danish publication of the story (Hall of Fame – Don Rosa Book 10), it is stated that the publisher decided that Hortense was ”officially dead”.

Scrooge may have claimed that he is the last McDuck, as he is the only male left. Hortense and Matilda changed their names to Duck after marriage, so, technically, Scrooge is the last McDuck.

Douglas[edit]

Douglas is a cousin of Scrooge who has appeared in several Danish Disney comic stories. He looks like Scrooge not only in appearance but also in temperament. He is, however, hopeless at finding and identifying gold and often frustrates Scrooge by criticizing him for not being ”McDuck-like” enough. In the story ”Smarter Than The Toughies”, Douglas was portrayed as being the uncle of Whitewater Duck.

Lurch McDuck[edit]

Lurch McDuck, also known as Sheik Beak, is Scrooge’s cousin in the 1968 story ”The Doony Desert Dilemma” by Vic Lockman and Tony Strobl. An imposter calling himself Lurch McDuck and claiming to be Scrooge’s long-lost cousin attempts to defraud Scrooge of half his fortune.[30]

Moocher McDuck[edit]

Moocher McDuck is the beggar cousin of Scrooge who appeared for the first time in the story ”Too Many McDucks” by Tony Strobl. Moocher’s look is very similar to Scrooge’s, except for the fact that he wears tattered clothes, but unlike his very rich cousin, Moocher is a sweetheart. He was used in some Brazilian comic stories in the 1970s.

Other relatives[edit]

Duck family[edit]

Main article: Duck family (Disney)

The Duck family are Scrooge’s American relatives and include his nephew Donald and grandnephews Huey, Dewey, and Louie. They are related through Hortense’s marriage to Quackmore Duck, Donald’s father.

Aunt Eider[edit]

Aunt Eider is the aunt of both Scrooge McDuck and John D. Rockerduck. The Italian story ”La Stella di Burbank”,[31] where she is portrayed as a myopic old woman who doesn’t realize she needs to wear glasses, is presumably her first comic book appearance. But Aunt Eider appears wearing glasses in her next three comic book appearances. Dick Kinney wrote the last three comic stories where this character was used, and three famous cartoonists respectively drew those ones. Al Hubbard, Marco Rota and Giorgio Cavazzano. Neither of these stories was published in America. The story ”Most Helpful Aunt Eider” is the only one where Aunt Eider doesn’t meet her wealthy nephews. It’s a Junior Woodchucks story.[32]

Since there isn’t any clue on how the tireless and slightly bossy Aunt Eider could be the aunt of both Scrooge and Rockerduck in the comic stories with her, some fans of this universe have invented their own explanations for this fact. It really seems she never had a surname, so she has been connected to Scrooge’s family through his paternal grandmother, Molly Mallard, who would be an aunt of Eider. This wouldmake Eider a Mallard too, but, of course, this is not a widely accepted explanation at all. According to this same invented explanation, Aunt Eider would be a sister of Rockerduck’s mother.

The first version of Scrooge’s grandmother, Nonna Jenny, looks like Aunt Eider.[33] She was created by the Italian comic artists Guido Martina and Giovan Battista Carpi especially for the handbook I pensieri di Paperone, first published in 1973.[34]

Ludwig Von Drake[edit]

Main article: Ludwig Von Drake

Ludwig Von Drake is Donald Duck’s uncle whose relationship has never been consistently described. In one version, Ludwig is married to Matilda McDuck. He has also been portrayed as a bachelor.

In other languages[edit]

  • Arabic: عشيرة البط‎‎, ”The Duck Clan”
  • Bulgarian: Макдък семейството, ”Family Makdak”
  • Danish: von And-Klanen
  • Dutch: McDuck clan
  • Finnish: MacAnkan Klaani
  • French: Le clan McPicsou
  • German: Der Duck-Clan
  • Greek: Γενιά των Μακ Ντακ, ”The line of the Mac Ducks”
  • Icelandic: Ættin Aðalönd, ”Family Aethalönd”. The term Ættin refers to an extended family, dynasty, or clan.
  • Indonesian: Klan Bebek
  • Italian: Il clan de’ Paperoni
  • Norwegian: McDuck-klanen
  • Polish: Klan McKwaczów
  • Portuguese: Clã Mac Patinhas
  • Spanish: El clan McPato
  • Swedish: Klanen von Anka
  • Turkish: McDuck Klanı

In the Dutch and Finnish languages, Scrooge personally drops the ”Mac/Mc” from his last name while other members of his family retain it.

See also[edit]

Donald Duck universe:

Real-life:

Notes[edit]

  1. Jump up^ Rosa, Don (2009). The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck: Volume One. Los Angeles: BOOM KIDS!. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-60886-538-3.
  2. Jump up^ Rosa, Don (2009). ”The Last of the Clan McDuck”. The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. 1. Los Angeles: BOOM Kids!. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-60886-538-3.
  3. Jump up^ Rosa, Don (2009). ”The New Laird of Castle McDuck”. The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. 1. Los Angeles: BOOM Kids!. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-60886-538-3.
  4. Jump up^ Rosa, Don (2005). ”The Old Castle’s Other Secret or A Letter from Home”. Uncle Scrooge No. 324. Gemstone Publishing. ISBN 0-911903-76-3.
  5. Jump up^ The Curse of Castle McDuck”. DuckTales. Season 1. Episode 26. 19 October 1987.
  6. Jump up^ House of Tartan: 1080 MacDuck; 1121 MacDuck Final version.
  7. Jump up^ The Clan McDuck: Tartan
  8. Jump up^ Rosa, Don (2009). ”The World of the Life of Scrooge”. The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. 1. Los Angeles: BOOM Kids!. p. 57. ISBN 978-1-60886-538-3.
  9. Jump up^ I.N.D.U.C.K.S. World-wide database about Disney comics: Advanced Search on: Title = ”Storia e gloria della dinastia dei paperi”; Country = ”Italy”.
  10. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g Don Rosa: Birth And Death Dates Of The Ducks, Coots And McDucks
  11. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Carl Barks: The Old Castle’s Secret. First published in 1948 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry).
  12. ^ Jump up to:a b c d Don Rosa: ”The Last of the Clan McDuck” (part 1 of The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck). First published 1992 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry).
  13. Jump up^ Sir Swamphole McDuck’s life span is seen on his grave stone as 1161-1221 in the Carl Barks painting Dubious Doings at Dismal Downs.
  14. Jump up^ Carl Barks: ”Back to Long Ago!”. First published 1956 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry)
  15. Jump up^ Carl Barks: Untitled Uncle Scrooge story, later known as ”The Horseradish Story”. First published 1953 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry).
  16. Jump up^ Rosa, Don. The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. Op Cit. Donald Duck Family Tree, pp. 210-211.
  17. Jump up^ Carl Barks: ”Hound of the Whiskervilles”. First published 1960 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry).
  18. Jump up^ Giles Maurice: Family trees, Dingus McDuck, Titus McDuck, Abner ”Whitewater” Duck [to Don Rosa]
  19. Jump up^ Carl Barks: ”The Heirloom Watch”. First published 1955 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry).
  20. ^ Jump up to:a b Don Rosa: ”The Master of the Mississippi” (chapter 2 of The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. First published 1992 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry).
  21. ^ Jump up to:a b Don Rosa: ”The Vigilante of Pizen Bluff”. First published 1996 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry)
  22. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f Don Rosa: ”The Billionaire of Dismal Downs” (part 9 of The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck). First published 1993 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry).
  23. Jump up^ William Van Horn: ”Secrets”. First published 1998 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry).
  24. ^ Jump up to:a b Don Rosa: ”The New Laird of Castle McDuck” (part 5 of The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck). First published 1993 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry).
  25. Jump up^ Don Rosa: ”A Letter From Home”. First published 2004 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry)
  26. ^ Jump up to:a b Romano Scarpa: ”Paperino e i gamberi in salmì”. First published 1956 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry)
  27. Jump up^ Carl Barks’ Duck Family Trees
  28. Jump up^ Don Rosa: ”The Richest Duck in the World” (chapter 11 of The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck). First published 1994 (I.N.D.U.C.K.S. entry)
  29. Jump up^ Don Rosa: ”How the Duck Family Tree was grown” (1995). Article in Walt Disney’s Comics #600 There has been some debate as to whether there was such a marriage, and about whether it ended in Von Drake’s death, or in divorce.
  30. Jump up^ http://nafsk.se/pipermail/dcml/2003-September.txt
  31. Jump up^ Coa Inducks – Page to the comic story The star of Burbank (title translated from Italian reprint)
  32. Jump up^ Coa Inducks – Page to the comic story Most Helpful Aunt Eider
  33. Jump up^ Coa Inducks – Page for Giovan Battista Carpi’s Gallery
  34. Jump up^ ‘I Pensieri Di Paperone’ di Guido Martina

External links[edit]

Annonser

HISTORY

Background
According to Don Rosa’s timelines the Clan has existed at least since 122 AD, when an, as yet unnamed, member of the clan sold stone to the construction crew of Hadrian’s Wall. The Clan McDuck was originally called the Clan MacDuich but dropped the Gaelic spelling of the name in 1071 and became the McDucks.

This has been expanded on in the Italian Disney comic universe in the story Storia e gloria della dinastia dei paperi (History and Glory of the Duck Dynasty). According to it, the clan was founded during the 1st century BC by Pah-Peh-Rheo, an Egyptian, who had become a Roman citizen as Petronius Paperonius. Originally following a campaign of the Roman Army to Britain, he eventually decided to settle in Caledonia (Scotland’s Roman name) among the populations of the Picts.

Donald, his sister Della Duck and her children Huey, Dewey and Louie Duck are descendants of the Clan through their maternal line of ancestry.

Family tree
Because of the great amount of authors who have used the McDuck clan since its creation, there are dozens of Scrooge relatives with the name of McDuck, and so lots of possible family lines between them (which weren’t always explained in the stories). One of the many Donald Duck family tree illustrations was done by Don Rosa and first printed in 1993. Among the most famous McDucks that did not appear in Rosa’s tree are Scrooge McDuck’s first cousin Douglas McDuck, Scrooge’s half-brother Rumpus McFowl, and Gideon McDuck, Scrooge’s younger brother.

Literary origins
In the early 1950s, Carl Barks had personally created several of Donald Duck’s relatives, Scrooge McDuck and Gladstone Gander being the most notable among them. It was then Carl decided to create a personal version of their Family tree. To better define their relations he added several previously unknown relatives. Carl never intended to publish this family tree as he had created it for personal use.

In 1981 Carl was well into his retirement but his stories remained popular and had gained him unexpected fame. He had given several interviews and answered questions about his personal views on the characters and their stories. Among other subjects, Carl described his early version of the family tree. Rough sketches of the tree were published in a number of fanzines. Fans of the characters were pleased for the background it added to them. At this point Mark Worden decided to create a drawing of this family tree including portraits of the characters mentioned. Otherwise Mark made few changes to the tree, most notably adding Daisy Duck as Donald’s main love interest. His illustrated version of the tree was published at first in several fanzines and later in the Carl Barks Library. The later was a ten-volume collection of his works in hardcover black-and-white edition.

The Seat of Clan McDuck
McDuck Castle
McDuck Castle in The Old Castle’s Other Secret or A Letter From Home by Don Rosa.
The seat of Clan McDuck is the McDuck Castle. The castle was first featured in the Carl Barks story The Old Castle’s Secret in Donald Duck Four Color #189. Barks’ only other story to have McDuck Castle was in The Hound of the Whiskervilles.

Don Rosa used the castle in The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck,[1] Parts 1, 5, and 9, and in A Letter from Home/The Old Castle’s Other Secret. According to The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck, the castle is located in Dismal Downs, somewhere in Rannoch Moor. The nearest village is the fictional MacDuich. The McDuck family (except for a few family ghosts) vacated the castle in 1675, relocating to Glasgow due to the depredations of ”a monstrous devil dog.”[2]

Other comic book artists have used the Castle too. The most famous use of the McDuck Castle outside of the Barks/Rosa universe is an Angus/Vicar story titled The Sobbing Serpent.

According to The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck, the castle was built in 400 AD, as portrayed in the unpublished first draft sketches.[3] It is most probably based upon Andrew Carnegie’s Skibo Castle, befitting the character of Scrooge McDuck as a loose caricature of Carnegie.[4] Upon the death of his father, Scrooge McDuck became Laird of The Clan McDuck and owner of the castle and its lands.[5] Indeed, Scrooge had supported the castle financially for many years prior, enabling the McDuck family to reoccupy it in 1885.

Other castles
Despite this one being the most important, the Clan McDuck earned at least two other castles: the Rannoch Moore Castle (from the Italian story Zio Paperone & il tesoro del fantasma… o viceversa) and Duncan McDuck’s personal castle.

Tartan of Clan MacDuck
Two Tartan patterns are registered with the House of Tartans, MacDuck, and MacDuck Final version (note spelling variation: MacDuck vs. McDuck). These were created and registered by the Walt Disney Corporation, the MacDuck Final version in 1942, and MacDuck in 1984.

Motto of Clan McDuck
Scrooge McDuck’s gravestone epitaph reads ”Fortuna Favet Fortibus.” This is the best candidate for a clan motto.[6] Translated into English, it means ”Fortune Favors the Brave” (or ”Bold,” or ”Strong”).

Ancient and medieval McDucks
Scrooge-Shah the First
Scrooge Shah was the last King of Sagbad (a pun on the name of Baghdad). The latter was featured in the story King Scrooge the First by Carl Barks and Tony Strobl, first published in October, 1967, as the earliest known ancestor of Scrooge McDuck. According to that story Sagbad was sacked in 2033 BC by the troops of young immortal King Khan Khan (2050 BC-1967) but King Scrooge Shah and his apparent heir Prince Donduk managed to escape. The immortal lost their tracks but would much later locate their distant descendants. It is popularly believed that they arrived to Egypt.

Paperonete I
Paperonete I, lookalike of Scrooge himself (both in appearance and personality), was an ancient egyptian pharaoh. He ruled the country 2000 B.C. along with his nephew Paperines (Donald’s egyptian counterpart). Instead of a pyramid, Paperonete decided to build a cone. And instead of his corpse, he putted his treasure in it. Sadly, after many adventures, the coins finished eaten by the Nile crocodiles, and Paperonete decided that since that day, the Pharaoh and his nephew would be the only persons who can touch the Nile crocodile (in order to peek them, open their stomachs and get back the treasure), creating the famous ”cliché” that the Crocodiles were taboo in Egypt. Because of the short time period between Scrooge-Shah and him, he may be Scrooge Shah’s or Donduk’s direct son.

Pah-Peh-Rheo
Pah-Peh-Rheo, is featured as the direct ancestor and founding father of The Clan McDuck.

He first appeared in the eight-part saga Storia e gloria della dinastia dei paperi (History and glory of the Duck Dynasty) by Guido Martina, Romano Scarpa, Giorgio Cavazzano and Giovan Battista Carpi, first published between April 5, 1970 and May 24, 1970.

He was presumably a distant descendant of Scrooge Shah, the last King of Sagbad (a pun on the name of Baghdad), and Paperonete I, who was another pharaoh. In any case according to his origin story Pah-Peh-Rheo was born an Egyptian. He was supposedly a non-royal uncle to a Queen of Egypt who herself was the great-grandmother of Cleopatra VII of Egypt.

Sir Eider McDuck
Main article: Sir Eider McDuck

Sir Quackly McDuck
Main article: Sir Quackly McDuck

Sir Roast McDuck
Sir Roast McDuck is mentioned in the story ”The Old Castle’s Secret” by Carl Barks and later appeared in Don Rosa’s Duck Family Tree.

He was born in Scotland in 1159. He was very gluttonous. The clan was until then one of the richest in Scotland, but that changed in 1189. He was asked by King William I of Scotland to offer most of his clan’s treasure in order to fulfill King Richard I of England’s terms for a treaty that been signed between them. The treaty said that if William offered to Richard 10.000 marks he would be free. William would be freed of his oath of subservience to Richard. Out of patriotism Roast obeyed his king’s wishes. That later led to financial problems and decline of the clan. Later Roast’s relationship with the king became tensed. In 1205 he raided the king’s cellar. He died a little later due to indigestion. He was buried in the family cemetery. His armor was placed in one of Castle McDuck’s hallways.

Sir Stuft McDuck
Sir Stuft McDuck is one of the ancient McDucks, created by Carl Barks.

Sir Stuft was born in Scotland in 1110, and later became the leader of The Clan McDuck. He was a very successful leader, and the clan became richer under his leadership. He died in 1175. He was not buried in the family cemetery but rests in his armor, placed in a hallway of Castle McDuck. Behind his armor is the secret door to the castle dungeon, which he sealed off. The other entrance to the dungeon is hidden under his tombstone.

Duke McDuck
He appeared in Giovan Battista Carpi’s 1958 story Il dottor Paperus (INDUCKS: I TL 188-AP), in which it is stated that he was a greedy and tightwad duke who ruled a small country in medieval times. He had a daughter, lookalike of Daisy Duck, and named Marguerite (french for ”Daisy”). The story is basically a retelling of the Story of Doctor Faustus by great german poet Goethe, but the Duke McDuck seems to have been created specially for this version, as the father of Marguerite in the original story remains unknown. The story has never been localized, so his only official name remains the Italian Duca De Paperoni but some unofficial translations have been released on the Internet, giving the name of Duke McDuck (literal translation of Duca De Paperoni.

Sir Swamphole McDuck
Sir Swamphole McDuck is mentioned in the story ”The Old Castle’s Secret” by Carl Barks and later appeared in Don Rosa’s Duck Family Tree.

Sir Swamphole was born in 1190. Under his leadership the Clan suffered from financial problems. In 1220 he decided to seal Castle McDuck, the clan’s main castle, dungeons in an attempt to decrease the maintenance cost of the castle. He did however create a secret passageway that led from one of castle’s hallways to the sealed dungeons, and from there to the family cemetery out of the castle. Swamphole McDuck died in 1260. The entrance to the passageway in the cemetery was disguised as his tomb. His bones remained in his armor, placed in front of the castle’s entrance to the passageway. In A letter from home by Don Rosa, it is revealed that Sir Swamphole likely sealed of the dungeons in order to conceal the construction of the chambers that would hide the treasure of the Knights Templar.

Sir Donald McDuck
Sir Donald McDuck is mentioned in ”The History of The Clan McDuck” by Don Rosa, a chapter created for The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck.

Sir Donald McDuck, nicknamed ”Black Donald” because of his foul temper, is said to have invented Golf, Hammer Throw and Caber Toss in 1440. His temper while playing golf resulted in James II of Scotland outlawing the sport.

Sir Simon McDuck
Sir Simon McDuck is mentioned in A Letter From Home by Don Rosa. According to his tombstone he lived from 1437 to 1509. He was treasurer of the Knight Templars and responsible for hiding their treasure underneath McDuck Castle.

Early modern and 19th century McDucks
Angus ”Pothole” McDuck
Main article: Angus ”Pothole” McDuck

Dingus McDuck
Main Article: Dingus McDuck

Fergus McDuck
Main article: Fergus McDuck

Hugh ”Seafoam” McDuck
Captain Hugh ”Seafoam” McDuck first appeared in an untitled Carl Barks story (known as ”The Horseradish Story”), where the story of Swindle McSue’s trickery on Seafoam is used as back-story. The character’s story was later expanded by Don Rosa, and he appears among the McDucks in heaven in The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck.

Hugh McDuck was born in Scotland in 1710. He settled in Glasgow in 1727 and turned to the sea for a living. He became successful and obtained his own ship, named ”The Golden Goose”. He grew wealthy transporting merchandise between the United Kingdom and the West Indies.

In 1753 his luck was over. He signed a contract with Swindle McSue to deliver a chest full of horse radish to Jamaica. Three weeks later, his ship sunk along with the chest before reaching Jamaica, as the ship had been sabotaged by Swindle. When Hugh returned to Scotland he found out that his contract had some small print letters that his failing sight did not allow him to see. The term in small letters said that if Hugh failed to deliver the chest to Jamaica all of his belongings would go to Swindle. Hugh kept just his clothes, his silver watch in his pocket and his golden dentures in his mouth. Swindle wanted them too but Hugh escaped.

The only thing known about his later life is that he died in 1776, aged 66. It is presumed he was involved in the American Revolutionary War. His descendant Quagmire McDuck inherited the silver watch, known by then as ”the heirloom watch”.

According to Don Rosa, Seafoam McDuck and Hugh McDuck are the same character; ”Seafoam” is just a nickname.

Jake McDuck
Jake McDuck is Scrooge McDuck’s uncle. He was mentioned in the story ”A Christmas for Shacktown” (1952) by Carl Barks, in which Donald Duck dresses up as Jake in an attempt to trick Scrooge into giving money to charity.

The character was later used by Don Rosa, and appears in three of twelve original chapters of Rosa’s The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. He lived in the same house as his brother Fergus McDuck and helped Fergus and his wife Downy O’Drake to raise their children. He settled in McDuck castle along with his brother in 1885. However, it appears that by 1902, Jake was no longer living there.

In Rosa’s sketches and timelines, it reveals that Jake was born in 1832 to coal miners Dingus McDuck and Molly Mallard, and grew up to become a stockyard hand in Glasgow. His date of death is unknown, but it appears that both Scrooge and Donald believed him to be alive in 1952.

Malcolm McDuck
Malcolm ”Matey” McDuck appeared in the story ”Back to Long Ago!” by Carl Barks, in a scene where Scrooge McDuck is hypnotized into seeing events in the lives of his previous incarnations. The character was later used by Don Rosa. He appeared on Rosa’s Duck Family Tree, and he appears among the McDucks in heaven in The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck.

Malcolm McDuck was born in 1530. He belonged to a branch of the Clan McDuck that had settled in England.

He served in the English navy. In 1563 he became the first mate of the frigate HMS ”Falcon Rover”. He served under Captain Loyal Hawk. The ship raided Spanish Caribbean Sea between 1563 and 1564. He and boatswain Pintail Duck, who would later be reincarnated into Donald Duck, buried potatoes under the employment of Captain Loyal Hawk and for the Queen of England.

Malcolm McDuck is said to have lost his life on December 9, 1564 when the Spanish fleet sunk the ”Falcon Rover” along with its entire crew, though this is not true. In 1579, he became in command over the newly founded Fort Drakeborough, an establishment that in 1818 was taken over by Cornelius Coot, later renamed Fort Duckburg.

Quagmire McDuck
Quagmire McDuck was first mentioned by Carl Barks in the story ”The Heirloom Watch”, published on June, 1955.

Quagmire was a brother of Dingus McDuck. He had inherited his ancestor Hugh McDuck’s silver watch. Apparently he was wealthy enough to have his own estate. When he died his watch was inherited by his nephew Fergus McDuck. His estate remained unclaimed until the time that his grandnephew Scrooge McDuck, by then owner of the watch, tried to claim it.

Locksley McDuck
Locksley McDuck is mentioned in ”The History of The Clan McDuck” by Don Rosa, a chapter created for The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck though it never got a place in the story at the end.

Locksley McDuck joined renegade Robert Roy MacGregor sometime after 1707. The alliance ended later when Locksley had a hard time doing the last part of ”Stealing from the rich and giving to the poor”

Molly Mallard
Molly Mallard was created by Don Rosa for his Duck Family Tree and has not appeared in any stories. She was the wife of Dingus McDuck and had three sons: Angus McDuck, Jake McDuck, and Fergus McDuck.

Downy O’Drake
Main article: Downy O’Drake
Downy O’Drake is Scrooge McDuck’s mother. She was created by Don Rosa and appears in The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck and on the Duck Family Tree.

Of Irish origin, she was born in 1840. She married Fergus McDuck and became the mother of three children: Scrooge, Matilda, and Hortense.

She was a very devoted housewife and mother. She settled in Castle McDuck at Dismal Downs, the Clan McDuck’s old castle, along with her family in 1885. She died in 1897, and was buried in the McDucks’ cemetery.

Contemporary McDucks
Della Duck
Main article: Della Duck
Donald Duck
Main article: Donald Duck
Douglas
Main article: Douglas McDuck
Gideon McDuck
Main article: Gideon McDuck
Hortense McDuck
Main article: Hortense McDuck
Hortense was introduced as a relatively well-connected member of her family. A daughter-in-law to Grandma Duck, a sister to Matilda McDuck and Scrooge McDuck, wife to Quackmore Duck, sister-in-law of Goosetave Gander and Daphne Duck, aunt to Gladstone Gander, mother to Della Duck and Donald Duck and finally grandmother to Huey, Dewey and Louie.

Hortense was born in 1876 in Glasgow, Scotland as the youngest child of Fergus McDuck and Downy O’Drake. In Barks’s tree, her older brother was Scrooge McDuck and her older sister Matilda McDuck. Some non-Barks writers gave Scrooge two half-brothers, Rumpus McFowl and Gideon McDuck, though these do not appear in Barks’s conception of the family. Jake McDuck, her paternal uncle was also living with them.

Hortense was born in a working-class family living in relative poverty. In 1877 her ten-year-old brother Scrooge started working as a shoe polisher in an effort to help support his family. At the time Hortense was merely an infant sucking on her thumb. She observed from a distance with her father and sister while her brother earned his Number One Dime. Scrooge would spend some of his leisure time with his younger sisters, and occasionally repaired their dolls. Otherwise Hortense spent most of her time clinging to her older sister.

By 1880, Scrooge came to realise that his earnings were not enough despite his hard work and efforts. He emigrated to the USA in hopes of earning his own fortune. He was hired as a cabinboy on a merchant ship heading to New Orleans, Louisiana. Scrooge noted that Hortense’s ”Bye, Scroogey” were her first spoken words. Before that, all she could say was ”glxblt”.

From an early age it was obvious Hortense had a fairly nasty temper combined with considerable strength. In 1882, Scrooge was hired as a cowboy by Murdo MacKenzie. To do this he had to ride Widow Maker, a mare who had already managed to dispose of five other cowboys. Scrooge soon managed to become her rider although he never really managed to tame her. He renamed the horse Hortense after his spirited six-year-old sister. The latter found this idea unflattering at best.

In 1885 The Clan McDuck’s hereditary lands were in danger of being seized due to her father being unable to pay taxes. The lands also included Dismal Downs, the Clan’s castle which had been abandoned since 1675. The Whiskervilles, traditional enemies of the McDucks since the 15th century, planned to gain ownership of the lands and were already trying to plunder the castle and its graveyard in search of old relics and treasure. Fergus and Jake guarded the Castle in order to stop them. Nine-year-old Hortense offered to help them and proved more effective in conflict than either of the elder McDucks. The Whiskervilles came to fear her.

In 1902 Scrooge McDuck returned to Scotland to fetch Hortense and their sister Matilda McDuck. When Scrooge established Duckburg, Calisota, United States as his homebase he started journeying the world trying to expand his financial empire. One of her proudest moments was when she singlehandedly caused the entire United States Military to flee Killmotor Hill, armed only with a broom, and her bad temper, much to the shame of the current president, Theodore Roosevelt, and the fear of the soldiers. From 1902 till 1930, she and Matilda ran Scrooge’s empire from his homebase while he was away. During these years Hortense met her boyfriend Quackmore Duck whom she married on 1920. Later the same year she gave birth to twins. Her son was named Donald Duck and her daughter Della Duck. Of the two only the boy inherited his mother’s temper. A fight with Scrooge in 1930 ended all relationships between Scrooge and his family and she retired. She was thought deceased by 1948, because in this year Scrooge claimed he was the last McDuck. However, Matilda has since turned up alive and well, in a story by Don Rosa; there she also refers to Hortense, though Hortense is not seen. In the notes to the Danish publication of the story (Hall of Fame – Don Rosa Book 10), it is stated that the publisher decided that Hortense was ”officially dead”.

Scrooge may have claimed that he is the last McDuck, as he is the only male left. Hortense and Matilda changed their names to Duck after marriage, so, technically, Scrooge is the last McDuck.

Lurch McDuck
Lurch McDuck, also known as Sheik Beak, is Scrooge McDuck’s cousin in the 1968 story ”The Doony Desert Dilemma” Vic Lockman and Tony Strobl . An imposter calling himself Lurch Duck and claiming to be Scrooge’s long-lost cousin attempts to defraud Scrooge of half his fortune.

”Mani buche” De’ Paperoni
”Mani buche” De’ Paperoni is presented as Scrooge’s twin brother in the Italian story ”Paperino e l’Uomo del West” (Donald Duck and the Man from the West), written by Guido Martina and drawn by Giovan Battista Carpi.

”Mani buche” is a philanthropist and lives in Arizona. In Italian, his name literally means ”hands with holes”, an idiom used in Italy to portray someone who spends a lot of money (e.g. his hands can’t hold the money so it drains away like water).

Matilda McDuck
Main article: Matilda McDuck
Moocher McDuck
Moocher McDuck is the beggar cousin of Scrooge who appeared for the first time in the story ”Too Many McDucks” by Tony Strobl. Moocher’s look is very similar to Scrooge’s one, except for the fact that he wears tattered clothes, but, unlike his very rich cousin, Moocher is a sweetheart. He was used in some Brazilian comic stories in the 70’s.

Rumpus McFowl
Rumpus McFowl was created by William Van Horn and introduced as a lazy and greedy cousin of Scrooge McDuck. It was soon revealed that he was Scrooge’s half-brother. His exact relationship with the other characters from the Scrooge McDuck universe is unknown. It has, however, been stated that his mother had been briefly married to Fergus McDuck.

Rumpus is a proud collector of rocks. He has a humongous appetite and snores a lot. At first Rumpus had an antagonistic relationship with Donald, his nephews and Scrooge but they began to get along better in later stories.

SCROOGE MCDUCKS HISTORY

From time to time attempts have been made to map Scrooge McDuck’s life as seen or mentioned in various duck stories. The attempts have been more or less successful simply because the exercise is by no means straightforward. Artists have come up with new bits for such a timeline puzzle, while others have elaborated on existing ones.
A genuine Scroogean timeline should at least be based on Carl Barks’ stories for the simple fact that he invented Scrooge! Therefore you are introduced to the first timeline ever presenting all of the information Barks himself gave in either graphic or written form in his stories until the year 1947. The undertaking has been daunting, bordering on impossible, and involving some occasional, deductive sleuthing. This means that some of the timeline years are uncertain, because Barks was rarely specific on that crucial point. In some instances he was even contradictory when he, for instance, made statements from which Scrooge’s birth year can be deduced. According to different passages in the stories Scrooge was born sometime between 1860 and 1881!!!

Whenever a year is quite clear from the stories it will be rendered in bold numbers. All other mentionings of years will be as accurate as can be given the material available. A great deal of effort has gone into conveying all the information as chronological – and logical – as possible. Hopefully, you will agree that the timeline is plausible as for the time frames in which the actions took place, so, dear Scrooge,

This is Your Life:

2030
BC

Reincarnation of King Scrooge-Shah (U$71 King Scrooge the First)
946

Eider McDuck is killed by the Saxons (FC0189 The Old Castle’s Secret)
1057 Quackley McDuck buries himself behind the castle walls (FC0189 The Old Castle’s Secret)
1205 Roast McDuck dies from overeating (FC0189 The Old Castle’s Secret)
1220 Swamphole McDuck has the dungeon door sealed (FC0189 The Old Castle’s Secret)
???? Stuft McDuck dies (FC0189 The Old Castle’s Secret)
15??
15??
1560 The McDuck clan becomes owners of a whole fief (U$29 Hound of the Whiskervilles)
The McDucks and the Whiskervilles are in a clan war (U$29 Hound of the Whiskervilles)
The McDuck clan leaves Scotland (U$29 Hound of the Whiskervilles)
1564 British captain Matey McDuck sails the Spanish Main looting for Queen Elizabeth (U$16 Back to Long Ago)
1753 Captain Seafoam McDuck transports a case of horseradish onboard his ship (FC0495 ‘The Horseradish Story’)
1755 The McDuck family acquires a valuable pocket watch (U$10 The Heirloom Watch)
1860 Scrooge’s grandfather is a miner (U$29 Hound of the Whiskervilles)
1870
187?
187? Captain Pothole McDuck participates in a boat race on the Mississippi River (U$11 The Great Steamboat Race)
Receives an American silver dime for polishing a ditchdigger’s shoes (U$44 Invisible Intruder)
Starts his fortune collecting firewood in the hills of Scotland (U$22 The Golden River)
1880
1880
1880
1880 Earns a silver dollar as a boiler on his uncle Pothole’s boat (U$68 Hall of the Mermaid Queen)
Works on the Wabash Cannonball (U$69 The Cattle King)
Works in a bank in southern Minnesota and foils a bank robbery by the James gang (FC0386 Only a Poor Old Man)
Sells Seafoam McDuck’s gold teeth to buy prospector’s outfit (FC0495 ‘The Horseradish Story’)
1882
1882
1882 Punches cows in Montana (FC0386 Only a Poor Old Man)
Finds one third of the world’s known resources of copper (FC0386 Only a Poor Old Man)
Outfoxes the train-robbing Dalton gang (FC0386 Only a Poor Old Man)
1885 Visits Scotland and pays one dollar for his first pair of glasses (U$21 The Money Well)
1887
1887
1887
1887
1887
1887
1887 Learns the Dutch language while in Holland (U$25 The Flying Dutchman)
Sells wind to the windmill makers along the Zuider Zee (U$25 The Flying Dutchman)
Jounces to the African rand, South Africa, in a bullock cart (U$49 The Loony Lunar Gold Rush)
Arrives in Transvaal to participate in a new-found gold strike (U$49 The Loony Lunar Gold Rush)
Runs to Capetown to get asbestos gloves to collect molten gold (U$49 The Loony Lunar Gold Rush)
Finds a diamond mine in the Valley of Gems and names it The Star of the World Mine (U$27 The Money Champ)
Wants some land in Africa for a rubber plantation. Chases the owners out into the jungle (FC0238 Voodoo Hoodoo)
188? Trades coconuts in the Fijis and Samoa Islands (WDCS226 Want to Buy an Island?)
1890 Zooms to the Kalgoorlie gold diggings in Australia in the pouch of a kangaroo (U$49 The Loony Lunar Gold Rush)
189?
189?
189?
189?
189? Involves himself in the pearl trade in Asia (FC0386 Only a Poor Old Man)
Trains cormorants and learns their language (FC0386 Only a Poor Old Man)
Yak buyer in Tibet and learns the Cathay language (U$06 ‘Tralla La’)
Fools the brigands of Mongolia (FC0386 Only a Poor Old Man)
Plays old-time football at Webfoot Tech. (MMA)
1898
1898
1898
1898
1898
1898
1898
1898
1898
1898
1898
1898 Joins the Alaskan gold rush in the boom town of Goldboom (U$59 North of the Yukon)
Borrows some funds from loan shark Soapy Slick and mines near the Frozenjaw River (U$59 North of the Yukon)
Travels to Yukon and battles cold, mosquitos and wolves on the way (U$35 The Golden Nugget Boat)
Digs out gold nuggets of the creeks of the Klondike (FC0386 Only a Poor Old Man)
Barges his gold down the swollen Yukon River to Dawson (U$16 Back to Long Ago)
Meets Glittering Goldie, owner of The Blackjack Ballroom in Dawson (FC0456 Back to the Klondike)
Goldie steals the goose egg nugget (FC0456 Back to the Klondike)
Goldie is forced to sign an I.O.U. for the remaining nuggets gone missing (FC0456 Back to the Klondike)
Goldie is forced to work for a month on Scrooge’s claim near White Agony Creek (FC0456 Back to the Klondike)
Buries a part of his nuggets under 4 rocks in a square on a knoll (FC0456 Back to the Klondike)
Discovers gold near Chilliblain, Alaska (U$35 The Golden Nugget Boat)
Strikes it rich in the boom town of Pizen Bluff (U$26 The Ghosts of Pizen Bluff)
1899 Runs a bank in Klondike until 1902 (U$22 The Golden River)
1900 Doubles working as a lumberjack (U$43 For Old Dime’s Sake)
1902
1902
1902
1902
1902
1902
1902
1902 Tries mining in the area once more but the rush is over (U$43 For Old Dime’s Sake)
Returns briefly to Scotland and buys his red broadcloth coat at a rummage sale (U$12 The Golden Fleecing)
Buys his office cannon at the end of the Boer War (WDCS134 ‘The Anti-Beagle Boys Cannon’)
Returns to the USA and tries his luck in a gold rush at Goldopolis (U$56 Mystery of the Ghost Town Railroad)
Starts a bank in Goldopolis and meets Katie Mallard (Hashknife Kate) (U$56 Mystery of the Ghost Town Railroad)
Bouts with the McViper gang who shoots up his top hat (U$56 Mystery of the Ghost Town Railroad)
Has to pay a dollar to get the hat patched (U$56 Mystery of the Ghost Town Railroad)
Buys 1,000 shares of the Goldopolis and Boom City Railroad (U$56 Mystery of the Ghost Town Railroad)
1904 Sells recordings of The Baggage Coach Ahead at the World’s Fair (U$22 The Golden River)
190?
190?
190?
190?
190? Stakes out 10 acres of ground at the Tulebug River (U$15 The Second Richest Duck)
Builds single-handedly his first money bin – a wooden structure (U$43 For Old Dime’s Sake)
The structure is built on the site of old Fort Duckburg (U$21 The Money Well)
Buys a Rolls Regal horseless shay, but immediately puts it in storage (U$34 Chugwagon Derby)
Transforms the deserted area to a major city – Duckburg (U$18 Land of the Pygmy Indians)
1907 Receives a map to the whereabouts of a gold mine but throws it away (DD52 The Lost Peg Leg Mine)
1908 Peddles hair tonic among the Chillyboot Indians (WDCS230 ‘Black Wednesday’)
190? Suffers periodic depressions (U$17 A Cold Bargain)
1910
1910 Builds Duckburg’s storm drainage system (U$32 That’s No Fable)
Pumps all oil under Duckburg out (U$21 The Money Well)
191?
191?
191?
191?
191?
191?
191?
191?
191?
191?
191?
Joins treasure salvage operations along the old Spanish Main (FC0386 Only a Poor Old Man)
Buys the candy-striped ruby from Bazookistani bandits in Central Asia (U$41 The Status Seeker)
Sells concertinas to the Czar’s cavalry in Russia (U$20 City of Golden Roofs)
Learns Bengali in Pakistan while selling road maps to Marco Polo(!) (U$20 City of Golden Roofs)
Learns how to swim in money in Baghdad (FC0386 Only a Poor Old Man)
Sells rain hats in Aden (U$55 McDuck of Arabia)
Learns Arabic and sells lawn mowers in Sahara (U$19 The Mines of King Solomon)
Starts a thriving salt business in Egypt (U$25 The Pyramid Hunt)
Buys his hourglass in a thieves market in Morocco (FC0291 The Magic Hourglass)
Discovers a diamond mine in Kachoonga, Africa (U$33 Bongo on the Congo)
Befriends the neighbouring leader of the Qwak Qwak tribe, Chief Boogerbooboo (U$33 Bongo on the Congo)

1916
1916
1916 Prospects for emeralds near Emeraldville in South America (U$31 Two Way Luck)
Learns Amazonian from the Indians (U$39 A Spicy Tale)
Collects rubber and fights 40-foot crocodiles in British Guiana (U$57 The Swamp of No Return)
1920
1920 Trades goods with the natives of the South Pacific (U$41 The Status Seeker)
Trades his candy-striped ruby for valuable rights on the island of Rippan Taro (U$41 The Status Seeker)
1923 Gets known in New York as The Birdman of Wall Street (U$51 How Green Was My Lettuce)
1943 Sends a shipment of gold with the later torpedoed Cuspidoria (WDCS172 ‘Christmas in the Deep’)
1947
Emerges in his first story (FC0199 Christmas on Bear Mountain)

The rest we know,
because from now on Scrooge’s merits are well-documented in both written and graphic form throughout the stories

EMPIRE RANKS

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Rank insignia of the Galactic Empire/old version

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Rank insignia of the Galactic Empire refers to badges of military rank which were used by officers of theImperial Military. All officers in the Service wore one or another of these insignia.

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Officer ranks

In 0 BBY, Imperial officers of the Galactic Empire wore insignia consisting of a confusing collection of multi-colored rank squares on the left breast of the officer’s uniform with a combination of several metal cylinders to either side of the rank badge. By the next few years, the rank squares had become a much simpler collection of red and blue squares with the code cylinders still in use.

In the Galactic Civil War, most Imperial officers were verbally addressed as ”Commander” with the exception ofAdmirals, such as Admiral Kendal Ozzel and Piett who were addressed as ”Admiral”. It should be noted that ”commander” is an acceptable form of address for captains, majors, colonels, or anyone of any rank who commands a military unit. Grand Moff Tarkin was referred to as ”Governor”. With such generic terms, the Star Wars films give little hint to a system of ranks and insignia. Over the years, however, the Expanded Universehas established a system of ranks and insignia which matches closely to the characters and the ranks and authority which they most likely held.

Navy Rank Army Rank Version One Version Two
Grand Admiral Grand General OldMoff GrandAd
Grand Moff Grand Moff Moff1 Moff2
Moff Moff 115px Moff2
High Admiral Surface Marshal HighAdm2 HighAdm
Fleet Admiral High General OldFltAdm SWARSFLTADM
Admiral General OldAdm ImpAdmiral
Vice Admiral Lieutenant General ImpViceAdm2 ImpViceAdm
Rear Admiral Major General ImpRADM2 ImpRADM
Commodore Brigadier ImpBrigadier 75px
Captain of the Line High Colonel HighColonel LineCaptain
Captain Colonel ImpColonel ImpCaptain
Commander Lieutenant Colonel ImpLTCOL ImpCommander
Lieutenant Commander Major ImpMajor ImpLCDR
Lieutenant Captain ImpO-3 ImpLT
Sublieutenant Lieutenant Imp1Lt ImpLTsub
Ensign Second Lieutenant Imp2Lt ImpEnsign
Midshipman Officer Candidate MIDN MIDN

Enlisted ranks

Imperial enlisted personnel have never been shown to have any type of insignia, but do have various types of uniforms which could indicate seniority among the enlisted rank structure. The uniforms appear to range from Soldiers and Technicians, to Sergeants and Naval NCOs, as well as Warrant Officers and Command Sergeants. Each of these groups is shown in the feature films to have various types of uniforms but never have been shown wearing any type of identifying insignia.

Stormtroopers

Stormtroopers apparently use the same rank system as the Imperial Army, but rarely wear any type of outward insignia. It is mentioned that Stormtroopers most likely have an identification scanner, built into their helmets, which can determine the rank and seniority of other stormtroopers. This does not explain, however, the colored shoulder pads used by Stormtroopers on Tatooine. Also, in the Battle of Hoth, a stormtrooper is seen wearing the insignia of an Army Captain on his armor. It is assumed that such insignia display is for the benefit of non-stormtrooper personnel.

In the higher ranks of the Stormtroopers, it can be reasonably assumed that the senior Stormtrooper officers do not wear the Battle Armor on a regular basis, thus a different uniform, for the more casual ”office” setting, would most likely be worn. This explains a number of Imperial officers, seen in the feature films directing groups of Stormtroopers, who appear to be wearing solid black uniforms with rank badges. Such personnel are most likely Stormtrooper commanders whose daily duties do not necessitate the regular wearing of battle armor.

Starfighter Corps

The Imperial pilots of the Starfighter Corps are a subject of great debate. One school of thought is that such personnel are members of the Imperial Navy while another possibility exists that the starfighters comprise an entire separate branch of service. Several different literature sources have provided a feasible rank structure for the Starfighter Corps, with indications that Starfighter pilots are Imperial officers with ranks similar to the Army and Navy combined. No starfighter pilot has ever been seen wearing rank insignia but this may have been since the pilots were only seen in flight suits. It is plausible that a separate duty uniform exists, upon which rank insignia may be displayed.

A conjectural rank system for the Imperial Starfighter Corps is as follows

  • High Marshal (High Admiral)
  • Force Marshal (Fleet Admiral)
  • Chief Marshal (Admiral)
  • Marshall (Vice Admiral)
  • Vice Marshal (Rear Admiral)
  • Flight Commodore (Commodore)
  • Group Captain (Captain)
  • Wing Commander (Commander)
  • Squadron Leader (Lieutenant Commander)
  • Flight Lieutenant (Lieutenant)
  • Flying Officer (Sub-Lieutenant)
  • Pilot Officer (Ensign)
  • Flight Cadet (Midshipman)

Corresponding Imperial Navy rank listed as comparison

Imperial Security Bureau

Members of the Imperial Security Bureau, or the ”ISB”, have only been seen for a brief period of time, aboard the Death Star. A white uniformed ISB Colonel, Wullf Yularen, was in the Death Star conference room along with two ISB NCOs walking past the Death Star main elevator area. In both cases, the ISB personnel were shown to be wearing white uniforms with rank insignia corresponding to Imperial Army and Navy personnel. It is possible that the ISB uses the same insignia, with different rank titles, or that the ISB ranks are identical to those of the Imperial Army.

Behind the scenes

Alternate versions

Rank Alternate Insignia
Officer Candidate OFFCDT
Lieutenant ImpLT2
Major ImpISBMajor
Colonel ImpColonel2
Commodore ImpCommodoreAlt
Major General ImpMajorGeneral
Rear Admiral ImpRearAdmiral
High Admiral ImpHighAdmiral

The insignia scheme devised in A New Hope created an interesting ambiguity in that a review of the film shows some Imperial characters who have apparently the same rank and position, yet display different versions of insignia. This problem recurs in the Star Wars Expanded Universe in that Imperial officers of the same rank wear different badges of office.

The possibility exists that such officers serve in different branches of the service or that the difference in insignia is a means to display seniority or some other badge of distinction. This has never been determined exactly, however, leaving the viewing audience to speculate.

The chart displayed to the right indicates alternate versions of Imperial insignia, when applying to the Version One method seen in A New Hope.

Additional info

In the film Return of the Jedi, a wardrobe problem undiscovered until midway through production resulted in all Imperial characters wearing the same insignia, being that of an Imperial Navy Commander. Thus, the Imperial insignia in Return of the Jedi are often ignored.

The rank of Grand Admiral was first mentioned in the Timothy Zahn novels and is considered the senior most rank of the entire Imperial Service. Grand Admirals, and their Imperial Army counterparts Grand Generals are authorized to wear white uniforms with gold shoulder boards, in addition to the standard badge of rank.

The Empire Strikes Back demonstrated that the Imperial Navy and Army, while using the same rank badges, differentiate between the two services by the spacing of the colored squares on the badge itself. Imperial Army officers use rank badges with thin rank squares on a grey metal frame, while Navy officers display flush rank squares with no spacing in-between. This method of separating the two services apparently did not apply to the rank insignia of A New Hope, since all Imperial personnel, both Army and Navy, appeared to wear the same style of rank badge.

The LucasArts Flight Simulator game Star Wars: TIE Fighter provides a much simpler version of Starfighter Ranks as listed below.

  • Grand Admiral
  • Admiral
  • Vice Admiral
  • General
  • Colonel
  • Major
  • Commander
  • Captain
  • Lieutenant
  • Flight Officer
  • Flight Cadet

Given that the flight simulator ranks appear overly simplified and combine Navy and Army titles indiscriminately, most Star Wars sources consider the TIE Fighter ranks to be contradictory and this rank system is generally ignored.

Insignia sources

The information displayed in this article indicates one possible sequence of insignia order based on several different Star Wars literature sources, conjectural information, and information seen in the feature films and other live entertainment productions.

Neither George Lucas or LucasArts has ever published an established insignia guide for either the Galactic Empire or the Rebel Alliance. In the case of the Empire, however, A New Hope seemed to establish a basic system that the more squares and code cylinders a character wore, the more important of a position they held. This idea carried over into The Empire Strikes Back, however in that film the higher ranking characters wore more rank squares but fewer code cylinders.

With the information provided in the feature films somewhat limited, the Expanded Universe has been left with the task of creating a rank and insignia system which holds to the information of the feature films and the additional information put forth in Star Wars literature and other film and televison productions. The following sources, therefore, were used in preparing this article.

Category:Military ranks

Category:Galactic Empire

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CLONE TROOPERS

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Clone trooper

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This article is about the Clone Wars clone trooper. You may be looking for the Republic trooper active during the Cold War.
Queicon This Star Wars Legends article contains information that is affected by the Star Wars: The Clone Wars project.

The new Legends Clone Wars timeline was never established by Lucasfilm. The exact chronology of the events described in this article is currently unknown.

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A weapon they are. Obey orders without question for good or ill. For now they fight for us. Who is to say what the future holds?
Yoda[src]

Clone troopers were an army of identical, genetically-modifiedclones, created to serve in the Grand Army of the Republic during the full-scale intergalactic conflict that came to be known as the Clone Wars. Grown at an accelerated rate and raised in the laboratories and facilities of Kamino, the clone troopers were trained throughout the first ten years of their lives to become one of the most efficient military forces in galactic history. Bred for the sole purpose of combat, the clones were indoctrinated with unwavering obedience to the Galactic Republic and—more specifically—their Commander-in-Chief, the Supreme Chancellor.

For roughly three years, the clone troopers fought to defend Republic sovereignty against the Separatist rebellion. Throughout the conflict, the members of the Jedi Order served as commanders and generalsof the Grand Army and, thus, they served alongside their clone soldiers on many occasions. However, the covert Sith plot to seize control of the galaxy, masterminded by the Sith Lord Darth Sidious, effectively caused the clones to betray and destroy the Republic that they were sworn to protect with their lives. Sidious, in his public guise as Chancellor Palpatine, issued Order 66 to the clone troopers on the eve of the Clone Wars’ end.

The contingency order declared that all Jedi were traitors to the Republic and, hence forward, subject to summary execution. Due to their inability to disobey any order, the clone troopers carried out the Chancellor’s command without question. Though a small percentage of clones ignored the order, the vast majority of the clones executed their unsuspecting Jedi officers, many of whom had come to trust the clones with their lives.

In the aftermath of the Jedi Order’s near destruction and the sterilization of the Jedi Temple on Coruscant, Palpatine abolished the Old Republic and instituted the Galactic Empire in its place, with himself as emperor of the galaxy. Among the many new reforms that symbolized Palpatine’s New Order, the Republic clone troopers were re-designated as Imperial stormtroopers. Without the guidance of the Jedi, the first generation of stormtroopers quickly established a reputation as the brutal enforcers of a galactic-spanning despotic regime.

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History

Commissioning and the genetic template

Kamino Facility

The cloning chambers in Tipoca City, primary cloning facility on Kamino

They grow up loyal to the Republic—or they don’t grow up at all.
Alpha-17, quoting Jango Fett[src]

The origins of the clone troopers date back to the days[3] before theInvasion of Naboo in 32 BBY, when Jedi Master Sifo-Dyas, convinced that the Galactic Republic would soon face an existential threat, secretly commissioned Kaminoan scientists to create an army for the Republic. The project was discovered by DarthTyranus, a former Jedi Master who turned to the dark side of theForce and became the Sith apprentice of Darth Sidious.[2] Tyranus then murdered Sifo-Dyas at Sidious’ behest, and the two Sith Lords took over the project for their own ends.[1]

Before the cloners on Kamino were able to begin their task, they required an individual subject to serve as the army’s genetic template. Tyranus, who had been ordered by Sidious to both search for an ideal candidate amongst the galaxy’s deadliest mercenaries and eliminate a deranged former Jedi named Komari Vosa, devised a plan to accomplish the two objectives at the same time. Thus, he placed a five million credit reward on the capture of Vosa, who had become the leader of the Bando Gora. Whether she was dead or alive after her capture was irrelevant as the prize was the same either way. Among the mercenaries who received a special invitation from Tyranus was Jango Fett, a former Mandalorian who sought to make a living as a bounty hunter.[4]

When Fett successfully tracked and defeated Komari Vosa in combat, Tyranus personally congratulated the hunter and, in addition to the reward money, offered a substantial amount of more credits if Fett agreed to becloned on Kamino. The purpose, as Tyranus revealed, was the creation of an army of clones, modified to grow at twice the rate of Human beings and programmed for absolute loyalty. Their training, supervised by Jango Fett, would turn them into perfect soldiers. After a moment of contemplation, Fett agreed to Tyranus’ offer, but on the condition that the first clone would be given to him without any modifications.[4]

Before the gestation process began, the Kaminoans tampered with Fett’s DNA to ensure that the clones were primarily dominated by behavioral genes that emphasized certain qualities such as loyalty, aggression, independence and discipline in order to guarantee that the army would be more docile and less independent than their template. Additionally, the Kaminoans increased their clones’ lung capacity, decreased their reaction times and improved their stamina. Certain allergies and Fett’s mild astigmatism were also removed from the genome.[5] Kal Skirata, a former Mandalorian warrior who had been brought to Kamino to assist in the training of a special unit, concurred with the Kaminoans’ rationale behind ”modified” troopers; an ”unaltered” Jango Fett was not the ideal infantry soldier.[6]

The Kaminoans also considered but rejected making the clone troopers sterile as per their standard procedure for clone army projects. Senior research geneticist Hali Ke cited examples of sterile Human clones created forTarshan Ring Excavations and infiltration squads created for the Lords of Purala IV, where clone prototypes displayed much higher rates of mental instability, poor unit cohesion, an inability to adapt and think creatively, and decreased aggressiveness in battlefield simulations. The Kaminoans found separating this from ”Factor H” – the Human variable they deemed so essential in creating effective, aggressive soldiers – impossible, and so eschewed sterile clones in the name of military effectiveness.[5]

When the Kaminoans first began the cloning procedure, they had produced twelve prototypes, designated asNull-class Advanced Recon Commandos. Due to the extreme modifications to their physiology, only half of the test subjects survived the gestation process. However, the ”enhancements” that were made to the Fett genome left the survivors handicapped with erratic behavior and an inclination toward disobedience. Disappointed[6] with the unsatisfactory results[7] of their wayward creations, the Kaminoans deemed the six prototypes as complete failures and intended to terminate them. Kal Skirata’s intervention, along with Fett’s support, prevented the clones from being liquidated. As a result, Skirata was charged with training the prototypes as intelligence units.[6]

Training

Youngclonestraining

Created roughly five years before the Clone Wars, the younger clones physically resembled a ten year-old Jango Fett.

They’re trained from day one to be more obedient than us.
RC-3222[src]

Due to the long-term commitment that was required in the creation of the clone army, Jango Fett took a hiatus from his bounty hunting career in order to monitor the growth and training of his clones.[8]His influence over the clone army’s development extended into several areas, such as the resemblance between his Mandalorian armor and the their Phase I armor and the training that molded the clones into elite soldiers.[2] One of his most significant contributions to the project, however, was his personal oversight of the Alpha-class Advanced Recon Commandos, otherwise known as ”ARC troopers.”[9] The ”second generation” ARC units were the Kaminoans’ response to the failure of the Null-class. Unlike their precursors, the Alpha-class ARC troopers were more reliable for their loyalty to the Republic and willingness to serve under Jedi officers.[6] They were, however, superior and more creative in comparison to the rank-and-file clone troopers, due to their unaltered level of independence.[9]

Clones were decanted into birth cohorts of 32, and they trained, ate and slept alongside their batchers. These birth cohorts became the platoons clone troopers would fight in, having trained with their comrades literally from birth.[10] Through the technological capability to accelerate the speed of a clone’s physical growth, the Kaminoans successfully engineered fully-grown clones in half of the time that real Humans required to reach maturity. As a result of the genetic modification that enhanced their growth process, the clone troopers aged at twice the rate of Human beings. At the age of ten, a clone was resembling a young Jango Fett in his early twenties, and was thus fit and prepared for combat.[2]

Clonestraining

At the age of ten, adult clones physically resembled Jango Fett in his early twenties.

All clone troopers received basic training in core military skills, such as weapons handling, marksmanship, drill, and other essentials.[2][11] While Jango Fett personally handled the training of the Alpha-class ARC troopers,[6] a specialized unit of clone commandos was commissioned as a median between the independent-minded ARC troopers and the more docile rank-and-file clone troopers.[12] In order to ensure the overall success of the commandos project, Fett formed the Cuy’val Dar– a group composed of experienced Mandalorian mercenaries and even a fewJourneyman Protectors. Though individual members of the group had their own unique training methods, as a whole, they separated the commandos into squads of four, which in turn created a strong sense of brotherhood amongst the commando squads.[6] Clones that were fit to serve in leadership capacity possessed notable traits, such as a greater degree of independence and creativity, as exhibited by commanders like CC-2224, nicknamed ”Cody,”[13] and CT-65/91-6210, nicknamed ”Deviss.”[14]

As part of their education and psychological training, the clone troopers were required to adhere to theCommand Code, a set of guidelines that governed a clone’s behavior and every action.[15] Hence, every clone was obliged to obey every aspect of the Code without question, doubt or hesitance.[16] Overall, the Kaminoans took a deeply vested interest in the training of the creations, especially the standard clone units[2] and even the clone commandos, as well.[17]

Mandalorian heritage

RexPhase2Leap-SWE

Clone Captain Rex was an independent thinker and skilled soldier, like his template, Jango Fett.

They’ll do their job well. I’ll guarantee that.
Jango Fett[src]

Through Jango Fett’s connection to the clone troopers as a genetic template, as well as the presence of many Mandalorian trainers within the Cuy’val Dar, many societal aspects of Mandalorian culture were integrated into the mentality of many clones. The clone commandos were particularly susceptible to this outside influence since they experienced the most exposure to Mandalorians. Likewise, the Null-class ARC troopers were raised as Mandalorians by Kal Skirata. The use of Mando’a– the native language of the Mandalorians -began amongst the commandos and was gradually adopted by clone troopers of the rank-and-file stock.[6] One particular feature of the Mandalorian culture that the clone army assimilated was the ”Jaig eyes,” a mark of honor bestowed on soldiers for exceptional acts of bravery.[18] ARC Captain Alpha-77 was commended with the Jaig eyes,[19] as was Clone Captain CT-7567 – nicknamed ”Rex.”[20]

Although Mandalorian influence was especially strong on the clone commandos,[6] the mainstream of the clone army held loyalty and obedience to the Galactic Republic as the overriding priority above all other concerns or interests.[2][21] The connection between the clone army and its Mandalorian heritage was greatly strained whenSpar, a renegade Alpha-class ARC trooper, deserted the Republic and organized the Mandalorian Protectorson the side of the Confederacy of Independent Systems. The heavy casualties that the clone troopers endured due to the involvement of Spar and his Mandalorians at New Bornalex and Kamino[22] caused the clones to develop a strong sense of enmity toward the Mandalorians, whom they now regarded as enemies of the Republic. The troopers of the 2nd Airborne Company were openly hostile with Omega Squad because of the commandos’ Mandalorian ”upbringing.”[21]

The end of the Mandalorian culture’s influence over the clone army commenced with the production of new generations of clone troopers, grown and trained away from Kamino and under direct Republic supervision. The first wave of clones that eventually supplanted the original troopers were engineered through Spaarti technology, which was most notable for the fact that it developed fully-matured clones in one year (as opposed to the longer Kaminoan method of ten years).[23] The decline of Mandalorian influence was further accelerated when the Galactic Empire’s Stormtrooper Corps became dominated by enlisted troopers and clones based on different genomes, which thus reduced the remaining Fett clones to a minority status.[24][25]

Aberrations

Despite the Kaminoans’ dedication to perfection when it came to their work, the cloning process produced a minority of clones with genetic abnormalities. Eye color proved particularly prone to variation, while many clones would have subtly different facial features to their fellow batchers. In some 3.5 percent of clones in each batch, however, genetic variations were so extreme that reconditioning was required, a euphemism that could include anything from genetic therapy to termination.[26] One instance included a company of clones that possessed less than 20/20 vision. They mysteriously disappeared in the late hours of the night and were never seen again.[6]

Terminations were largely halted after the Jedi took a more active role overseeing clone trooper training during the Clone Wars, with aberrant clones largely being shunted into support roles.[27] In the case of a genetically aberrant failure, 99 was relegated to janitorial responsibilities, since he was physically incapable of military service.[11] These procedures would still occasionally miss aberrants, for example, the ”Mad Clone of Kaikielius”, who avoided being noticed during his growth and training only to go berserk during the Kaikielius campaign of the Clone Wars and murder his batchers in the belief that he was in a training simulation where his comrades had been replaced by disguised droids.[28]

Clone Wars

An army of one man, but the right man for the job!
―Clone trooper rallying call[src]
Republic Assault

Republic clone troopers were first deployed to Geonosis in 22 BBY.

In 22 BBY,[1] ten years after the start of the clone trooper program, the Jedi Knight Obi-Wan Kenobi tracked Jango Fett to the remote world of Kamino in the Outer Rim Territories. Much to his surprise, however, his arrival in Tipoca City was greeted with great anticipation from the Kaminoan cloners. Prime Minister Lama Suassumed that Kenobi had been sent by the Jedi Order to obtain a progress report on the Republic’s clone army, and thus, he never realized that Kenobi was oblivious to the existence of the clones. Nevertheless, Kenobi inspected the clones for himself and learned from Lama Su that 200,000 units were prepared for deployment; another million were nearly combat-ready as well. When Kenobi attempted to apprehend Jango Fett, the bounty hunter escaped to the Separatist world of Geonosis. Kenobi pursued Fett, only to be captured and held hostage by Count Dooku, the former Jedi Master who secretly became the Sith Lord Darth Tyranus.[2]

While the Jedi Anakin Skywalker, and Senator Padmé Amidala of Naboo, conducted their own attempt to rescue Kenobi, the Galactic Republic fell into a crisis as the Separatist movement evolved into an armed rebellion. As a response to the revelation of the Separatists’ intentions to secede through force, the Galactic Senate granted emergency powers to the executive branch of the government. With his new authority, Chancellor Palpatine accepted Kamino’s clone army on behalf of the Senate, and thus, the Grand Army of the Republic was officially formed. Shortly afterward, Jedi Master Mace Windu assembled a Jedi task force to liberate Kenobi; Grand Master Yoda traveled to Kamino to inspect the clone army for himself.[2]

By the time Yoda and a force of 192,000[29] clone troopers arrived on Geonosis, the Jedi had been locked in a battle with the Separatist battle droids, but were ultimately overwhelmed, suffering heavy casualties. The clones successfully extracted the survivors, including Obi-Wan Kenobi, Anakin Skywalker and Padmé Amidala, as thefirst battle of the Clone Wars commenced. Under the leadership of the Jedi, the clone troopers quickly forced the droid army into full retreat. Although Count Dooku and the Separatist Council avoided capture, Geonosis ultimately fell to the Jedi and their clone forces; the Republic had secured the first victory of the war.[2]

Grand army formation

Clone troopers on Coruscant shortly after the First Battle of Geonosis.

The victory on Geonosis was followed by the deployment of clone troopers throughout the known galaxy, where they served on various fronts against the growing Separatist Alliance. The members of the Jedi Order were commissioned as officers in the Grand Army of the Republic. Under the leadership of their Jedi commanders andgenerals, the clones engaged the Separatists on numerous battlefields; from Christophsis, Teth[20] and Ryloth,[30] to Hypori,[31]Jabiim,[32] and Kamino itself.[33] Despite the overall combat effectiveness of the clone troopers, however, their numbers steadily decreased throughout the war by attrition, an increasing rate of casualties, and their own accelerated aging process. By 19 BBY, roughly three years after the first engagement at Geonosis, only two-thirds of the first generation clone troopers were still alive.[34]

A face and a name

Cody-ssnap

Clone Commander 2224, nicknamed ”Cody”

There’s not much to look at here, sir. We all share the same face.
Deceive you, eyes can. In the Force, very different each one of you are.
―Yoda and CC-4477 ”Thire” on Rugosa[src]

Though often viewed as the ”flesh and blood” equivalent of battle droids, clone troopers possessed a limited capacity for individuality.[35] They were bred for no other purpose than combat, but nevertheless they developed as individuals under the guidance of their Jedi officers.[36] The Jedi’s unique abilities and leadership prowess earned them the admiration and respect of the clones who served under them. Clone Commander CC-5052, nicknamed ”Bly,” felt that the Jedi were in command because they were the best in the Grand Army of the Republic.[37]

Clone troopers were officially distinguished by sets of letters and numbers. Every soldier’s wrist was scannable and contained an identifying code, which displayed information such as designation, rank and battles fought.[38] Less than a year after the Clone Wars began, many clones adopted nicknames to complement their official designations with the approval of the Jedi.[20] Captain Rex speculated that efficiency was the reason as to why clones had been permitted to have ”names,” due to the difficulty of distinguishing genetically identical soldiers at an individual level.[39] Another way that the Jedi fostered individuality in the clone troopers was through example; some clones respected their Jedi officers enough to emulate their leadership styles. Rex developed a sense of impulsiveness during his service under Anakin Skywalker. Cody had a strict adherence to procedure, a trait that was appreciated by Obi-Wan Kenobi.[13] The camaraderie that gradually developed between Jedi and clones was mirrored through others as well, including Aayla Secura and Bly,[37] Plo Koon and the clones of Wolfpack.[40] Even though clones like CC-4477 ”Thire”[41] and ”Sinker[40]saw nothing unique about an army composed of clones from one genetic template, Grand Master Yoda sensed that each clone trooper felt differently through the Force.[41]

Despite the great lengths that the Kaminoans took to ensure that all clone troopers were unconditionally loyal to the Galactic Republic, there was evidence of flaws within their work. Ordinary, standard-issued clone troopers were programmed to be absolutely subservient, but a few of them developed too much as individuals to the point where said loyalty was overridden. Examples included Clone SergeantSlick[42], ”Ghost” and Cut Lawquane.[39] Tempted by thoughts of freedom and wealth, ”Slick” became a spy for the Separatists while feigning loyalty to the Republic. He excused his treachery through his belief that the clones were enslaved, even though his actions caused the deaths of many of his ”brothers” on Christophsis.[42] Ghost, too, betrayed both the Republic and his fellow clones, selling his service to the Confederacy of Independent Systems in exchange for a way out of the war. Cut Lawquane began his life on Kamino like every other clone trooper, but later became a deserter after he abandoned his comrades during the First Battle of Geonosis.[39]

Smaller signs of individuality were seen in how some clone troopers broke away from the regulation haircut. Even before the mass production of Phase II armor, many clones had been allowed to customize their Phase I armor in various ways, either with color or additional equipment.[20] Aside from armor customization, another indication of individualism was the clone troopers’ affinity for Kamino, which they regarded as theirhomeworld.[36] When Kamino was twice threatened by Separatist invasion, both Cody and Rex expressed concern for the safety of ”their” planet.[43][33] In their second attempt, the Separatists reached Kamino and assaulted Tipoca City itself. Many clone troopers ultimately perished while defending the laboratories and military complexes that they viewed as ”home.”[33]

Cloneboys

Clone troopers, comrades and soldiers of the Republic

In spite of the mutual respect between clones and Jedi, not everyone felt the same optimism about the clone troopers. Rahm Kota, a well-respected and highly skilled Jedi General, was not so easily fooled by the clones’ seemingly innocent nature. Regarded as a military genius on the battlefield, Kota concluded that clone troopers made inadequate soldiers. Real Humans were unhindered by the modifications that limited the clones, and thus they were ultimately more intelligent, intuitive and versatile than the clones. Hence, Kota formed his own militia and refused to have anything to do with clones.[44] Ironically, his distrust of clone troopers was vindicated when they betrayed and murdered their Jedi officers just before they went on to enslave the galaxy under the New Order.[45][46]

Aside from Kota, Jedi Master Quinlan Vos personally disliked the clone troopers, especially single-minded ones like Commander ”Faie.”[16] Some officers in the Republic Navy, especially those who joined the Commission for the Protection of the Republic, held clone troopers in a low regard as well.[23]

In addition, there were also some alleged concerns within the legislature for the use of clones in war. This ultimately resulted in a law being passed late into the clone wars via Senate decree that confined military cloning to a few Republic facilities, as well as banning military-related cloning for all except for closely-regulated medical exemptions. The law also explicitly banned the purchase of sentient clones, sale of cloning equipment, or the employment of cloning specialists. However, the true purpose of these laws was in fact to place a monopoly on the cloning enterprise.[5]

Palpatine’s secret army

You worry too much, Clonemaster. I only require your clones to be fit for purpose, and that means they have no need to meet the exacting standards as the army bred on Kamino. The Grand Army has to be the very best in the galaxy for one single special operation ahead of them. This is the culmination of my strategy—two armies with two quite separate tasks.
―Chancellor Palpatine, to the Spaarti lead clonemaster supervising the production of a new clone army on Centax-2[src]

After three years of constant warfare, the ranks of the Grand Army began to wear thin as the rate of battlefield attrition continued to increase and out-pace the ability of the Republic to breed and train replacement clones. Further, the remaining clone troopers were stretched thin throughout the galaxy during the Republic’s Outer Rim Campaign. In response, Chancellor Palpatine secretly commissioned a new cloning operation, away from Kamino and under his direct supervision. Unknown to all except a select few, millions of clones were being engineered on Centax-2, one of Coruscant’s moons.[23]

Developed in secret, the new clone army was distinguished from the original clone troopers by two main factors: the use of Spaarti technology by Arkanian Microtechnologies scientists. After relations soured between Chancellor Palpatine and Kamino Prime Minister Lama Su, Arkanian Clone Masters were contracted to develop additional clones in secret facilities on Centax-2. The use of Spaarti cloning cylinders enabled them to produce full-grown troopers in only one year, as opposed to the ten years needed for clones bred on Kamino.[23]

Given the short period of time required for the gestation process and the resulting accelerated growth to adulthood, the ”Spaarti” clones’ required a rushed training regime. Through a flash-learning program, the clones were effectively ”programmed” to be disciplined soldiers. However, the speed of their growth, compounded by their limited form of education, produced troopers with significantly decreased skills in key areas such as strategic thinking and marksmanship. Also, unlike the clone troopers from Kamino, the ”Spaarti” clones showed very little individuality and were completely free of Mandalorian influence.[23]

The secret project ultimately produced millions of clone troopers, along with the necessary hardware of thousands of starships and weapons. This new army was scheduled for deployment in 19 BBY on a date roughly correlating with the third anniversary of the First Battle of Geonosis. However, before their scheduled debut, a limited number of ”Spaarti” clones were field-tested through units such as the 14th Infantry Brigade, while others were assimilated into the 501st Legion and the Coruscant Guard’s shock troopers.[23]

When Count Dooku and General Grievous led a Separatist surprise attack on Coruscant, the Spaarti-bred clone army was unveiled for the first time. The introduction of several million new clones and thousands of new starships caught the Separatists by surprise, and proved essential to the Republic’s eventual victory in theBattle of Coruscant. In the immediate aftermath of the battle, the additional ships and men swelled the ranks of the depleted Grand Army as the Clone Wars quickly neared its end.[23]

Despite the obvious lower quality of the Spaarti clones in comparison to their Kaminoan-engineered brethren, to the extent that their Kaminoan counterparts described them as poor soldiers with only a rudimentary knowledge of battlefield tactics,[5] Chancellor Palpatine was not bothered in the least. During a conversation with a Clone Master from Arkanian Microtechnologies, Palpatine admitted that the new clones did not have to be of the same caliber as their precursors. He merely required the Spaarti clones to be the best soldiers for one specific operation- the true purpose behind their creation.[23]

Order 66

501st-ROTS

Sergeant CT-0000/1010 ”Fox” and the 501st Legion during Operation: Knightfall

Execute Order 66.
It will be done, my Lord.
―Darth Sidious and CT-55/11-9009 ”Jai’galaar” during the execution of Order 66[src]

On the eve of the end of the Clone Wars, the Jedi Council discovered the identity of Darth Sidious; the illusive Sith Lord was actually Supreme Chancellor Palpatine, leader of the Galactic Senate of the Republic. As a result, the Council chose to act swiftly in an attempt to neutralize Sidious as soon as possible. On behalf of the Senate, the Jedi Masters Mace Windu, Kit Fisto, Agen Kolar and Saesee Tiin marched into the Chancellor’s Suite in the Republic Executive Building and, with lightsabers drawn, declared Chancellor Palpatine to be under arrest. Despite their efforts, however, the showdown between the Jedi and Sith ended with the deaths of all four Jedi Masters, as well as Anakin Skywalker’s fall to the dark side of the Force.[45]

Promoted to the position of apprentice to the Dark Lord of the Sith, the newly-anointed Darth Vader marched into the Jedi Temple at the head of the 501st Legion; their mission was to kill every living being inside without exception. At the same time, Sidious issued Order 66 to the various clone commanders that were dispersed throughout the galaxy as deputies to Jedi generals and commanders. As one of 150 contingency orders for the Grand Army of the Republic, Order 66 labeled every Jedi as a traitor to the Republic. As a consequence, their clone soldiers were authorized to suppress the ”Jedi insurrection” with deadly force.[45]

Bacara Mygeeto 66

Commander Bacara and the Galactic Marines execute Order 66 without hesitation or remorse.

Since Order 66 was issued by the Chancellor, the supreme commander of the Republic armed forces, the clone troopers were obliged to comply without question. Though clones such as Cody[13] and Bly[37] came to respect their Jedi leaders after three years of warfare, their indoctrinated obedience to the Republic eclipsed their loyalty to the Jedi.[45][13] For the most part, the Jedi failed to anticipate the betrayal of the clone troopers. Without a moment of hesitation, Cody ordered a nearby AT-TE to fire on Obi-Wan Kenobi, though the Jedi Master ultimately survived the clones’ treachery. Other Jedi, however, were not as fortunate.[45]

BlyShootsAayla

Aayla Secura is summarily executed by her clone troopers in accordance with Order 66.

The unsuspecting Ki-Adi-Mundi was ruthlessly gunned down by Commander CC-1138 ”Bacara” and the Galactic Marines while in the midst of the Battle of Mygeeto; Aayla Secura was repeatedly shot to death on Felucia by several clone troopers, including Bly, the clone commander whom she enjoyed a close-working relationship with; Plo Koon, the Jedi Master who developed a deep affinity for the clone troopers, was murdered by Captain CT-55/11-9009 – nicknamed ”Jai’galaar” – on Cato Neimoidia; Stass Allie was betrayed and killed on Saleucami by Commander CC-8826 ”Neyo” and CT-3423; Commander CC-1004 ”Gree” tried to shoot Yoda in the back during the Battle of Kashyyyk, but was instantly beheaded with ease by the Grand Master. Despite this, all throughout the galaxy, the clone troopers complied with Order 66, and the Jedi that faithfully served the Republic in its time of need, at the risk of their own lives, were systematically slaughtered by the very soldiers they had come to trust and rely on.[45]

On Coruscant, no one inside the Jedi Temple was spared. Although a few were able to survive the initial result of Order 66, such as Kazdan Paratus, Shaak Ti,[44] and Sha Koon,[47] nearly every Jedi that was caught in the Temple was killed by Vader and the clone troopers of the 501st. Masters, Knights, Padawans and evenYounglings were murdered by their former comrade and the remorseless clones. When the sun rose onGalactic City, Operation: Knightfall was a success; the massacre of the Jedi Temple was complete.[45]

Dawn of the Galactic Empire

Stormswarm

Imperial stormtroopers: the evolution of the Republic clone troopers

The clone troopers, now proudly wearing the name of Imperial stormtroopers, have tackled the dangerous work of fighting our enemies on the front lines. Many have died in their devotion to the Empire. Imperial citizens would do well to remember their example.
―Emperor Palpatine, during the Declaration of a New Order[src]

Even as the clone troopers carried out Order 66, Darth Sidious called for an emergency session of the Senate, which he addressed in his public guise as Chancellor Palpatine. In what became known as the Declaration of a New Order, Palpatine gave his own account on the details of the event that preceded Order 66, naturally fictionalized in order to garner the overwhelming support of the Senate and the citizens of the Republic. In a prolonged speech regarding the downfall of the Jedi Order and the end of the Clone Wars, Palpatine announced that the Republic would be supplanted by a New Order; the first Galactic Empire, in which he would rule supreme as its first emperor.[45][48][49][50]

Just as the Republic was renamed and reorganized into the Empire, the clone troopers were also affected by Palpatine’s reforms. No longer known as the clone troopers who defended the Galactic Republic under the leadership of the Jedi Order, the clones were anointed as Imperial stormtroopers. Without the guidance of their Jedi officers, the stormtroopers quickly became one of the most visible symbols of the new totalitarian regime, emphasized by the brutal manner in which they enforced the will of Emperor Palpatine.[45][36][51] In recognition of their loyalty and service to the Empire, the 501st Legion was placed under the direct command of Darth Vader. Under his direction, the 501st built a reputation of fear and brutality as ”Vader’s Fist.”[24]

Despite the stormtroopers’ betrayal of the Jedi Order and their new purpose as oppressors, the clones adjusted well to their Imperial duties;[52][24] CC-1119, nicknamed ”Appo,” was particularly pleased with the continued use of clones as military assets, especially due to his previous assumption that the clones would have been diminished as ”glorified policemen” after the Clone Wars came to an end.[52] Over time as the Empire gradually asserted its dominance over the galaxy, Jango Fett’s cloned progeny secretly enjoyed opportunities to destroy local insurrections, mainly because of their desire to maintain an efficient military while keeping the Empire feared by its own citizens.[24]

End of the Fett cloning program

CloneJetTrooperPhaseI-BFOS

An Anti-Imperial clone trooper, created to liberate Kamino from the Galactic Empire.

Since the Empire has redirected the clone trooper program to other pursuits and stepped up recruiting inferior humans from the Outer Rim, the operational effectiveness of this army has declined significantly.
―Commander Cody[src]

When the Clone Wars came to an end, the Galactic Empire secured the vital cloning facilities of Kamino in order to ensure the continued production ofcloned stormtroopers.[53] However, the Kaminoans resented the militaryoccupation of their homeworld, which was ironically conducted by their own creations. As a result, a covert rebellion was formed as several clone masters plotted to liberate Kamino from Imperial control.[24] But even before the Republic’s reorganization into the Empire, Prime Minister Lama Su reserved a portion of the clone troopers from the overall army that the Kaminoans engineered for the Republic. He later reflected on this decision near the end of the Clone Wars as relations between Coruscant and Kamino became strained.[23]

The preserved DNA samples of the Fett template provided the Kaminoan rebels with the means to forge a new army of clone troopers based on Jango Fett’s genetic structure. Unlike their previous creations, however, the new generation of clones would be programmed with absolute loyalty to Kamino. After roughly a decade of operating in secret, the rebel clone army grew to full adulthood through the technology of accelerated growth. The majority was trained as anti-troopers; clone soldiers trained as jet troopers, armed with the DC-15A blaster rifle and the DC-15x sniper rifle, and equipped with Phase I armor. Anew breed of Advanced Recon Commandos was created as a smaller, more elite force to complement the anti-troopers. These ARC troopers possessed the same armor as their predecessors and were armed with Z-6 rotary blaster cannons.[24]

At the same time, however, the Galactic Empire discovered the clandestine project and immediately reacted with force. The elite stormtroopers of the 501st Legion was dispatched to Kamino with orders to fully subjugate their own homeworld. Boba Fett, a bounty hunter and clone of Jango Fett, was hired by the Empire to serve as the 501st’s mission commander, mainly because of his knowledge of Kamino’s cloning facilities. In order to defeat the Kaminoan resistance with a decisive victory, however, the 501st Legion was commanded to annihilate their entire brethren of rebel clones.[24]

Kaminouprising

An anti-trooper and a stormtrooper fighting inside Tipoca City.

Upon their arrival at Kamino, Boba Fett and the stormtroopers of the 501st Legion stormed Tipoca City in a direct assault on the planet’s primary cloning facility. Despite the fierce resistance of the anti-troopers, the Imperials breached the facility’s outer defenses and retrieved a sample of Jango Fett’s DNA. Meanwhile, the fighting intensified on Tipoca City’s platforms as Fett clones from both sides killed each other. As the Imperials steadily took more ground on the platforms, a new objective directed their efforts toward the destruction of the incomplete rebel clones. Though initially deterred by a force of ARC troopers, the Imperials infiltrated the cloning labs, destroyed the clone tanks’ life support systems and killed their ”brothers” who were still in the process of development. Without reserve stocks to provide additional troopers to the rebel army, the clones attempted to evacuate their Kaminoan masters on two LAAT/i gunships. Both vessels were ultimately destroyed, and with the deaths of the last remaining rebel clone troopers, the Kaminoan resistance collapsed as the Empire claimed victory over Kamino.[24]

The incident of the Clone Rebellion on Kamino was regarded by the Galactic Empire as highly confidential; the information was classified and kept out of the public’s knowledge. Though the 501st Legion proved its unwavering loyalty once again, even to the extent of killing their fellow Fett clones, Emperor Palpatine decided to reconsider his reliance on an entire army cloned from just one source. The creation of the anti-troopers had demonstrated the inherent danger in over-dependence on a single template of clone soldiers; the corruption that they were easily susceptible to was too great of a risk to the Empire’s security. Hence, new stormtroopers were cloned from a variety of additional genetic templates. The 501st Legion was allowed to maintain ”Fett purity” within its own ranks, but the rest of the Imperial Army became increasingly diverse through different clones and enlisted troopers. None of the Fett clones, especially the ones who served in the 501st, were able to reconcile themselves to the fact that they had been marginalized into a minority within the army that they once filled as a whole.[24]

Kamino Tipoca City

The fall of Kamino’s cloning facilities ended the Clone Rebellion.

The diversity continued to spread throughout the ranks over the nextdecade as more male Humans were recruited from the Outer Rim Territories and trained as stormtroopers. By this time, the few remaining Fett clones that survived the Clone Wars still carried a strong sense of hatred for all troopers who did not originate from Jango Fett’s template. Their animosity extended particularly toward enlisted troopers. Commander Cody, the clone who originally served under Jedi General Obi-Wan Kenobi, became bitter and nostalgic due to the significant decline in the military’s operational effectiveness ever since the Empire increased the rate of recruitment for the stormtrooper ranks. Cody had an extremely low opinion of enlisted troopers and regarded them as ”idiots” that lacked any sense of themselves or their surroundings. As a veteran of the Clone Wars who once hailed from the Grand Army of the Republic, Cody despaired over the quality of the Stormtrooper Corps, which he saw as an embarrassment to the legacy of a once truly remarkable military force.[25]

Legacy

Even though Fett-based clones have largely been shelved, with cloning even being considered a clandestine science after the rise of the Empire, military-related cloning itself as well as the research had not ceased. Various top-secret facilities conducted research on creating Force-sensitive prime clones,[5] similar to the clones X1 and X2 from the Clone Wars.[54] In addition, Grand Admiral Thrawn ended up making the discovery that using ysalamiri to sever a developing clone’s connection to the Force resulted in the creation of mentally-stable clones to be created in mere weeks, a discovery he later intended to use to his advantage during his actions against the New Republic.[5]

Equipment

Take care of the equipment, Eight-Three.
And the equipment will take care of us, Seven-Four.
CT-6/774 and CT-014/783[src]

Armor

Clone Troopers Phase I

The first clone troopers were equipped with Phase I armor.

During the development of the first generation of clones, Kaminoan armorsmiths[55] forged Phase I battle armor; the military combat uniform of the clone troopers. The armor was loosely based on the design of Jango Fett’s Mandalorian shock trooper armor. The most notable feature of Mandalorian influence in the armor’s design was the helmet’s distinctive T-shaped visor. The full uniform consisted of twenty[34] plastoid[56] armor plates, attached to a black body glove. Other aspects of the armor included the helmet’s breath filter, autility belt and the boots’ high-traction soles.[34]

At the beginning of the Clone Wars,[2] Phase I battle armor used color to distinguish clone officers from each other and the rest of the rank-and-file stock. For instance,commanders were marked by yellow stripes; captains, lieutenants and sergeants were identified by red, blueand olive green respectively.[55] However, this system of military uniformity was relaxed during the early period of the war and color was used in some cases as a means for distinguishing unit affiliation instead of rank. Though many clone troopers maintained their armor in traditional white, other clones—particularly officers—customized their uniforms through color and design.[20] In recognition of their achievements, some clones were allowed to add specific designs to their armor, such as a Mandalorian award known as ”Jaig eyes.”[18][19][20]

The clone troopers who received specified training for various roles other than infantry were equipped with variant forms of Phase I battle armor. Clone pilots wore the same armor as regular troopers, but were distinguished by yellow markings and specialized full-face helmets.[34] Clone flame troopers were protected from the potential dangers and setbacks of their own role by insulated body gloves and suits chilled by coolant reservoirs.[35] Clones assigned to non-combative assignments, such as medical officers[57] and naval officers, wore military dress uniforms, similar to the design of attire of Human officers in the Republic Navy.[20]

Clone Troopers Phase II

Clone troopers in various forms of Phase II battle armor.

The principle drawback of the Phase I battle armor, however, was its heavy and uncomfortable design. Hence, it was disparagingly referred to as the ”body bucket.” As a result of such imperfections, the flaws of Phase I were eliminated through the conception ofPhase II battle armor.[34]

As the Clone Wars, progressed, Phase I was ultimately rendered obsolete when the clone troopers switched to its Phase II successor. The new armor was designed to be superior to its predecessor in every aspect; stronger, lighter and more adaptable. This advanced armor also possessed many specialist variations,[34] suited to clones such as scout troopers, paratroopers and AT-RT drivers.[45] But due to the rigors of war, Phase II battle armor was more battle-dented and mud-smeared than the Phase I precursor.[34] The practice of color design and armor customization was carried over to the new armor as well. By the time of the Battle of Coruscant in 19 BBY, various clone divisions were visually distinguished from each other primarily through different color designs.[45]

Weapons and kit

CloneTrooperTypes

Clone troopers in specialized armors

The non-specialized clone trooper’s primary weapons for ranged combat were the DC-15A blaster rifle and its more compact counterpart, the DC-15S blaster carbine.[2] In addition, clone troopers often carried one or more grenades of varying types, such as the Merr-Sonn V-1 thermal detonator, LXR-6 concussion grenades, V-6 haywire grenades,[58] and ”droid popper” electromagnetic pulse grenades.[17]

The pouches and compartments of a trooper’s highly functional utility belt contained a multitude of equipment, including a grappling hook, spare ammunition, ration supplies and a rudimentary medical kit containing enough synthflesh and bactato keep a wounded soldier alive until a medic could arrive. While neither was part of their official-issue kit, most clone troopers also carried multitools and a pack of sanitary wipes.[59] Clone troopers were outfitted at Grand Army troop centers.[60]

Specialized clone troopers

In addition to the standard infantry troopers that composed the bulk of the clone army, a select number of clones were trained for specialized roles, such as piloting[34] and command.[35] As the Clone Wars progressed, more clone trooper variants were deployed, from jet troopers[58] and flame troopers[35] to Advanced Recon Commandos[33] and Covert Ops clone troopers.[21] In addition, regular clone troopers could carry heavier weaponry and armor and carry the designation of Heavy clone trooper and Repeater clone troopers.[60]

Combat role-specialized variants

ColtFull-SWI125

ARC Commander Colt in Phase II armor

Environment-specialized variants

Equipment-specialized variants

Odd Ball

A clone pilot

Other variants

Rebel Clones

Rank notation

At the start of the Clone Wars, rank of the troopers was determined by color worn on their helmet, arm and shoulder armor.[2] In time, however, some clone officers were allowed to design and customize their armor. Notable examples included Commander Fox and Captain Rex.[20]

Commander

A Phase I Commander

With the development and distribution of Phase II battle armor, clone troopers ceased using color markings to denote rank. Instead, color patterns on troop armor signified legion designation and position.[45] Troopers with Phase II armor, such as Commander Cody, also wore colored stripes along their arms indicating the campaigns they served in.[71]

Designations

Captain Ordo

A Republic Commando (left) and ARC trooper Null-11 (right)

Clone trooper commanders received the designation CC-(number)[14] or CRC (for clone regimental commander).[72] Null-class Advanced Recon Commando were designated N- or Null-.[6] Alpha-class Advanced Recon Commando were identified with an A- or Alpha- designation,[9] and clone commandos the RC- (for Republic Commando) designation.[17] Clone trooper captains and Clone trooper lieutenants were designated CC- or CL-, respectively.[20][2] They also had the CT- designation of the Clone trooper sergeants and the rank-and-file clone troopers.[14]

Clone trooper units

Clone troopers trevas

Various types of clone troopers

Behind the scenes

All of the clone troopers were digitally created in both Attack of the Clones and Revenge of the Sith. Their voices were provided by Temuera Morrison, who also provided the faces for Commander Cody, Odd Ball, andCaptain Jai’galaar, wearing a blue bodysuit that would be replaced in post production by the character’s clone trooper armor. Morrison would also provide the voice of clones in many games, principally Star Wars: Republic Commando (while the regular clones’ voices were provided by Roger Jackson) and the Battlefront series. Younger clones were portrayed by Daniel Logan (in Attack of the Clones) and Bodie Taylor (in both Clones andSith). In the Clone Wars cartoon, the voice of the clone troopers was provided by André Sogliuzzo. In theRevenge of the Sith game, Andrew Chaikin provided the voice of the clone troopers, and Dee Bradley Bakerprovided the voice of the clone troopers in Star Wars: The Clone Wars.

Before the release of Attack of the Clones, it was often assumed by Expanded Universe authors and fans that the clones of the Clone Wars would be on the side against the Republic. This misconception was caused by promotional material portraying the clones as the background for Dooku, Jango Fett, et al. This is half true as the army was really created as part of Palpatine‘s plot to destroy the Jedi.

In Star Wars: The Force Unleashed, the player may enter LEGION as a cheat code to unlock the playable clone trooper skin.

The design of the clone trooper armor is similar to the armor used by the Republic troopers, the predecessors of the clone troopers in the pre-Clone Wars era. This implies that some of the clone trooper’s armor could have been based on that design, once the Galactic Republic became affiliated with Kamino.

Appearances

Wiki-shrinkable This list is incomplete. You can help Wookieepedia by expanding it.
Repies

Clone Trooper types.

Non-canon appearances

Clonetrooper LSW3

Clone troopers from LEGO Star Wars III

Sources

Wiki-shrinkable
Wookieepedia has 927 images related to Clone trooper.

Notes and references

Clone1 Unleashed

A Clone trooper in Phase I armor.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 The Essential Guide to Warfare
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.182.19 2.20 Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones
  3. Darth Plagueis
  4. 4.0 4.1 Star Wars: Bounty Hunter
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Star Wars Blog ”Star Wars: The Essential Guide to Warfare: Author’s Cut, Part 7 — The Grand Army of the Republic,” The Official Star Wars Blog
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 Republic Commando: Triple Zero
  7. The Complete Star Wars Encyclopedia
  8. Encyclopedia-Logo Jango Fett in the Encyclopedia (link now obsolete; backup link on Archive.org)
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Republic 50: The Defense of Kamino
  10. The Essential Guide to Warfare, p. 76
  11. 11.0 11.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”Clone Cadets
  12. 12.0 12.1 Republic Commando: Hard Contact
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Encyclopedia-Logo Clone Commander Cody in the Encyclopedia (link now obsolete; backup link onArchive.org)
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.9 SWInsiderGuide to the Grand Army of the Republic”—Star Wars Insider84
  15. The Cestus Deception
  16. 16.0 16.1 Star Wars: Republic: Hidden Enemy
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 Star Wars: Republic Commando
  18. 18.0 18.1 SWInsiderThe Mandalorians: People and Culture”—Star Wars Insider 86
  19. 19.0 19.1 CloneWarsLogoMini Star Wars: Clone Wars – ”Chapter 23
  20. 20.00 20.01 20.02 20.03 20.04 20.05 20.06 20.07 20.08 20.09 20.10 Star Wars: The Clone Wars film
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 Republic Commando: True Colors
  22. The History of the Mandalorians
  23. 23.00 23.01 23.02 23.03 23.04 23.05 23.06 23.07 23.08 23.09 23.10 23.11 Order 66: A Republic Commando Novel
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4 24.5 24.6 24.7 24.8 24.9 Star Wars: Battlefront II
  25. 25.0 25.1 Star Wars: The Force Unleashed II, PS3/Xbox 360 Stormtrooper Databank entry
  26. The Essential Guide to Warfare, p. 76
  27. The Essential Guide to Warfare, p. 76
  28. SWCustom-2011 Star Wars: The Essential Guide to Warfare: Author’s Cut, Part 9: Battlefields of the Clone Wars on StarWars.com(backup link on Archive.org)
  29. Inside the Worlds of Star Wars: Attack of the Clones
  30. 30.0 30.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”Liberty on Ryloth
  31. Clone Wars Chapter 20
  32. Republic 55: The Battle of Jabiim, Part 1
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 33.3 33.4 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”ARC Troopers
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 34.3 34.4 34.5 34.6 34.7 Star Wars Character Encyclopedia
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 35.4 Star Wars: The Clone Wars: New Battlefronts: The Visual Guide
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 Encyclopedia-Logo Clone Troopers in the Encyclopedia (link now obsolete; backup link on Archive.org)
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 Republic 68: Armor
  38. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”Missing in Action
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”The Deserter
  40. 40.0 40.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”Rising Malevolence
  41. 41.0 41.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”Ambush
  42. 42.0 42.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”The Hidden Enemy
  43. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”Rookies
  44. 44.0 44.1 Star Wars: The Force Unleashed video game Databank
  45. 45.00 45.01 45.02 45.03 45.04 45.05 45.06 45.07 45.08 45.09 45.10 45.11 45.12 45.13 45.14 45.15 45.16 45.17 45.18 45.19 45.2045.21 45.22 45.23 45.24 45.25 45.26 45.27 45.28 45.29 Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith
  46. 46.0 46.1 46.2 46.3 46.4 46.5 46.6 46.7 46.8 Star Wars: Battlefront II
  47. Star Wars: Purge: Seconds to Die
  48. Encyclopedia-Logo Darth Sidious in the Encyclopedia (link now obsolete; backup link on Archive.org)
  49. Encyclopedia-Logo Palpatine in the Encyclopedia (link now obsolete; backup link on Archive.org)
  50. Encyclopedia-Logo Galactic Empire in the Encyclopedia (link now obsolete; backup link on Archive.org)
  51. Encyclopedia-Logo Stormtroopers in the Encyclopedia (link now obsolete; backup link on Archive.org)
  52. 52.0 52.1 Dark Times 4: The Path to Nowhere, Part 4
  53. Encyclopedia-Logo Kamino in the Encyclopedia (link now obsolete; backup link on Archive.org) (Video Games section, Star Wars: The Force Unleashed II)
  54. Star War Battlefront II: Elite Squadron
  55. 55.0 55.1 The New Essential Guide to Weapons and Technology
  56. 56.0 56.1 The Complete Star Wars Encyclopedia
  57. Star Wars: The Clone Wars Character Encyclopedia
  58. 58.0 58.1 58.2 Star Wars: Battlefront
  59. The Essential Guide to Warfare, p. 78
  60. 60.0 60.1 60.2 60.3 60.4 Star Wars: Galactic Battlegrounds: Clone Campaigns
  61. 61.0 61.1 61.2 61.3 Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith video game
  62. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”Blue Shadow Virus
  63. Star Wars Battlefront: Renegade Squadron
  64. HasbroInverted Star Wars: Revenge of the Sith (toy line) (Pack: Utapau Shadow Trooper)
  65. Star Wars: The Clone Wars Character Encyclopedia
  66. 66.0 66.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”The Deserter
  67. The Clone Wars: Cold Snap
  68. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”Water War
  69. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – ”Prisoners
  70. 70.0 70.1 CloneWarsLogoMini Star Wars: Clone Wars – ”Chapter 8
  71. 71.0 71.1 Labyrinth of Evil
  72. The Clone Wars Campaign Guide
  73. Star Wars: Where Science Meets Imagination
  74. 74.0 74.1 Repel All Boarders!
  75. Hasbro’s 41st Elite Corps Clone Trooper review on Rebelscum.com
  76. Sw-pm-logo1 Star Wars PocketModel TCGOrder 66 (Card: 41st Elite Corps AT-RT)
  77. Sw-pm-logo1 Star Wars PocketModel TCGOrder 66 (Card: 41st Elite Corps BARC Speeders)
  78. Clone Wars Chapter 1
  79. CloneWarsLogoMini Star Wars: Clone Wars – ”Chapter 2

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INDIGO LEAGUE

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Indigo Plateau Conference

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From Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia.

The setting for the competition

The Indigo Plateau Conference (Japanese: セキエイ大会 Sekiei Conference) is the Indigo League general championship competition. It exists in the anime and The Electric Tale of Pikachu manga only. It does not appear in the games. The competition in which Ash Ketchum participated in occurred from the episode All Fired Up! until Friends to the End of the original series.

The conference is held once a year at Indigo Plateau.

Events

Pokémon League Badge

During the competition, the Pokémon League Village on Indigo Plateau becomes a mecca for all things Pokémon. Trainers receive free food and lodging in the village. While most League activity occurs in the Pokémon League Pavilion and on the battlefields, parades, movie theaters, and other such activities within the village keep the spectators happy when there is no battling. Additionally, there are some important ceremonial events unique to the conference.

Opening ceremony

The Pokémon League opening ceremony calls upon the spirit and flame of Moltres to ignite the fire that burns atop Indigo Stadium throughout the competition. Moltres’s virtues symbolize Pokémon League competitions. The flame changes many hands, through competitors that are approved to be torch bearers. Without the flame, the competition could not begin. All competing Pokémon Trainers gather in Indigo Stadium and the central torch is finally lit. League president Charles Goodshow addresses the Trainers, and then the games begin.

Closing ceremony

During the closing ceremony, all Trainers that competed at the conference march into Indigo Stadium one last time, and the Top 3 winning competitors are honored. Chairman Goodshow awards each Trainer with a Pokémon League Badge that signifies participation in the competition. Afterwards, the stadium lights dim for a fireworks show. Moltres’s flame is extinguished until the next year’s competition, and all battlers and spectators return home.

Competition

Only certified Pokémon Trainers who have acquired at least eight Indigo League Gym Badges may enter the competition. Ideally, there are around 256 competitors, with each sudden death Pokémon battle eventually eliminating all but one. Each losing Trainer is placed accordingly. The winner of the conference then gets a chance to battle Kanto’s Elite Four.

Rounds

The competition lasts for eight rounds. Four preliminary rounds span for four days, followed by two days of rest, and then the final rounds begin. Rounds and their respective positions for each Trainer: Preliminary: Top 256, Top 128, Top 64, Top 32. Final: Top 16, Top 8, 4th, 3rd, 2nd, 1st.

Preliminary rounds

In the preliminary rounds, 256 Trainers must compete on four different battlefields: Rock, Grass, Water and Ice. All matches are of three Pokémon each. The battlefield is decided by a game of chance, and the competitors are chosen randomly by computer. Only Trainers who win on all four battlefields will progress to the final rounds.

Final rounds

Final round battles take place in Indigo Stadium. All battles are Full Battles, with the exception of the fifth round, which is the last round that uses three Pokémon each. Only 16 Trainers make it to the final rounds. Competitors are chosen by fishing for Magikarp labelled with a letter and number that match that of another competitor.

Rules and regulations

The Indigo League is very strict on what defines a battle and what defines a match. A battle is one Pokémon against another one, and a match is made up of the individual Pokémon battles. Thus, the number of battles within a match is defined by how many Pokémon are used. The following conditions cause the Pokémon to lose the battle:

Known contestants

The Indigo Plateau Conference Top 3

Trainer Place
Assunta Top 4 or higher*
Ritchie Top 8
Ash Top 16
Melissa Top 16 or higher
Jeanette Top 32
Gary Top 32
Pete Top 64
Mandi Top 256

Other participants

Trainers here participated in the conference either before or after the conference Ash entered.

Trivia

  • This conference marks Ash’s lowest placing in a Pokémon League Conference so far, only at Top 16.
  • This is the only conference so far in which Ash doesn’t have at least one Full Battle.
  • This is the only Pokémon League Conference to date where the winner’s name was never revealed.

See also

DawnChallenge.png The Pokémon League VSLucian.png
Participation
TrainerBattleGym Leaders
GymsBadgesHall of Fame
Championship matches
Elite FourOrange League
Pokémon World Tournament
Pokémon League Conferences
IndigoSilverEver Grande
Lily of the ValleyVertressLumiose
Pokémon League locations
Indigo PlateauPummelo Stadium*Mt. Silver*
Ever GrandePokémon League*/Lily of the Valley*
Pokémon League*/Vertress*Pokémon League/Lumiose*
Regional Pokémon Leagues
IndigoOrange*JohtoHoenn
SinnohUnovaKalos
Areas of jurisdiction
Pokémon League Reception GateCerulean Cave
Project Anime logo.png This article is part of Project Anime, a Bulbapedia project that covers all aspects of the Pokémon anime.

http://bcp.crwdcntrl.net/5/c=3614/rand=988679864/pv=y/int=%23OpR%2334130%23bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net%20%3A%20Total%20Site%20Traffic/int=%23OpR%2354046%23bulbapedia%20%3A%2030%20Day%20Total%20Site%20Traffic/rt=ifr

TRAINER CLASSES

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Pokémon Trainer

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From Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia.
Trainer redirects here. For other uses, see Trainer (disambiguation).

Generation I artwork of Pokémon Trainers flying on their Pokémon

A Pokémon Trainer (Japanese: ポケモントレーナー Pokémon Trainer) is a person who catches, trains, cares for and battles with Pokémon. The majority of people within the known Pokémon world are Trainers.

Background

Trainers from different classes: ARocket Grunt, a Lass, and a Bug Catcher

Many Trainers leave home at about the age of ten, sometimes accompanied with a starter Pokémon obtained from a Pokémon Professor, such as Oak. Many will travel around one or more regions, doing such things as gathering information for a Pokédex, perfecting their technique, collecting Badges, and working to become a Pokémon Master. No matter what their specialties or aims, there is one code that they all follow—when two Trainers make eye contact, they must have a battle.

Pokémon Trainers come in all sorts of classes: Youngsters tend to stay close to home, and Bug Catchers swarm about the Bug-filled forests; Hikers traverse mountains and caves, Fishermen are rarely far from water, and Ace Trainers aspire to compete in the Pokémon League. A Trainer’s class may reflect their Pokémon of choice, the areas they prefer, their technique, and their level of skill; however, even within each class, Trainers may vary greatly.

A Pokédex and set of Poké Balls for a Trainer in the Pokémon Black & White anime

Many towns have a Gym run by a strong and experienced Trainer known as a Gym Leader. Other Trainers may challenge a Gym Leader, and if the Gym Leader is defeated in battle, he or she awards them a Pokémon LeagueBadge. However, in the Pokémon anime, the Gym Leader may award the Trainer a Badge for other reasons, since the Badge is a symbol of the Trainer’s skill. For example, Ash Ketchum won several of his early Badges by refusing to take an unfair advantage or going out of his way to save a Gym, which proved himself as an exceptional Trainer outside of battle.

Above the level of Gym Leaders are the Elite Four Trainers and Pokémon League Champion. There are also a special class of Trainers known as the Frontier Brains, but they are unique to Pokémon Emerald, Pokémon Platinum, and Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver and part of a privately owned institution known as the Battle Frontier, and so may not be recognized by the League. These Trainers are considered the cream of the crop, and can only be challenged if a Trainer has met requirements such as winning eight Badges. Should a Trainer defeat other Trainers at this level, it is not uncommon for him or her to be offered a place in these high ranks.

However, just as there are many Trainers with noble goals and lawful methods, there are also corrupt Trainers, including a number of villainous teams. These Trainers often use powerful Pokémon to take what they want and further their plans.

Trainer class

Trainer classes are the types of Pokémon Trainers one can battle in all core series Pokémon games. They come in different varieties and sprites which describe their occupation, estimated age, and sometimes what Pokémon they train. For example, a Psychic is a young adult with telekinetic powers who trains Psychic-type Pokémon.

All Trainer classes have overworld or field sprites that sometimes may be used for non-Trainers. Unlike in-battle sprites, overworld sprites may be shared between multiple Trainer classes such as the Ace Trainer overworld sprite, which is shared with Dragon Tamers and Pokémon Rangers in Generation IV. Notable Trainer classes, such as Gym Leaders, have unique sprites between each individual one. Trainer classes can be combined in certain Double Battles; for example a Crush Girl and a Black Belt can team up to form a Crush Kin; however, special class names are not created for Trainers involved in a Multi Battle.

Starting from Generation III, the player assumes the form of a generic Trainer class of his/her choice when data of this player is exchanged wirelessly or through record mixing to another core series game of the same generation.

While in Colosseum and Pokémon XD, there is one model for each minor Trainer class, in Pokémon Battle Revolution, each minor Trainer class can consist of multiple models.

List of Trainer classes

Main article: Category:Trainer classes
Generation I
Trainer class
Beauty
Biker
Bird Keeper
Blackbelt
Boss*
Bug Catcher
Burglar
Champion*
Channeler
Cooltrainer
Cue Ball
Elite Four*
Engineer
Fisherman
Gambler
Gentleman
Hiker
Jr. Trainer♂
Jr. Trainer♀
Juggler
Lass
Leader*
PokéManiac
Psychic
Rival*
Rocker
Rocket
Sailor
Scientist
Super Nerd
Swimmer
Tamer
Youngster
Beta Trainer classes
Chief
Generation II
Trainer class
Boarder
Camper
Firebreather
Guitarist
Kimono Girl
Medium
Officer
Picnicker
Pokéfan
Pokémon Trainer
Rocket Executive
Rocket Grunt
Sage
Schoolboy
Skier
Swimmer♀
Teacher
Twins
Introduced inCrystal
Mysticalman
Generation III
Trainer class
Aqua Admin
Aqua Leader
Aroma Lady
Battle Girl
Bug Maniac
Collector
Dragon Tamer
Expert
Hex Maniac
Interviewer
Kindler
Lady
Magma Admin
Magma Leader
Ninja Boy
Old Couple
Parasol Lady
Pokémon Breeder
Pokémon Ranger
Rich Boy
Ruin Maniac
Sis and Bro
Sr. and Jr.
Team Aqua Grunt
Team Magma Grunt
Triathlete
Tuber
Winstrate
Young Couple
Introduced in FireRed and LeafGreen
Cool Couple
Crush Girl
Crush Kin
Painter
Team Rocket Admin
Team Rocket Grunt
Introduced in Emerald
Arena Tycoon
Dome Ace
Factory Head
Palace Maven
Pike Queen
Pyramid King
Salon Maiden
Introduced in Colosseum
Area Leader
Athlete
Bandana Guy
Bodybuilder
Chaser
Cipher
Cipher Admin
Cipher Head
Cipher Peon
Deep King
Fun Old Lady
Fun Old Man
Glasses Man
Guy
Hunter
Lady in Suit
Miror B.Peon
Mt.BtlMaster
Mystery Troop
Myth Trainer
Pregymleader
Rider
Rogue
Roller Boy
Shady Guy
Sim Trainer
Snagem Head
St.Performer
Supertrainer
Team Snagem
Worker
Introduced in XD: Gale of Darkness
Casual Dude
Casual Guy
Cipher Cmdr
Curmudgeon
Grand Master
Kaminko Aide
Navigator
Newscaster
Robo Groudon
Spy
Thug
Wanderer
Generation IV
Trainer class
Artist
Belle & Pa
Cameraman
Clown
Commander
Cowgirl
Cyclist
Double Team
Galactic Grunt
Galactic Boss
Idol
Jogger
Poké Kid
Rancher
Reporter
Socialite
Veteran
Waiter
Waitress
Worker
Introduced in Battle Revolution
Beginning Trainer
Bug-Catching Man
Challenger
Close Siblings
Colosseum Leader
Colosseum Master
Cool Beauty
Cute Maniac
Electrifying Guy
Future Girl
Girl In Love
Hardheaded Girl
High-Tech Maniac
Hiking Club Member
Hiking Girl
Icy Guy
Joe’s Groupie
Leader-in-Training
Little Queen
Lone Wolf
Mature Couple
May-December Couple
Muddy Boy
New Star
Ordinary Guy
Ordinary Lady
Passionate Man
Passionate Rider
Picnic Girl
Pikachu Fan
Poison Tongue Boy
Pokétopia Master
Sashay Fan Club
Sci-Fi Maniac
Shocking Girl
Sightseer
Steel Spirit
Stubborn Boy
Swimming Champ
Swimming Club Member
Three Brothers
Three Sisters
Tomboy
Traveling Guy
Traveling Lady
Twin Brothers
Twin Sisters
Youthful Couple
Introduced in Platinum
Maid
Arcade Star
Castle Valet
Hall Matron
Introduced in HeartGold and SoulSilver
Elder
Generation V
Trainer class
Backers
Baker
Backpacker
Clerk
Dancer
Depot Agent
Doctor
GAME FREAK
Hooligans
Hoopster
Infielder
Janitor
Linebacker
Motorcyclist
Musician
Nurse
Nursery Aide
Pilot
Preschooler
The Riches
Smasher
Striker
Subway Boss
Team Plasma
Team Plasma Grunt
Introduced in Black and White 2
Boss Trainer
Junior Representative
Master Representative
Senior Representative
World Champion
World Finalist
World Runner-up
Pokéstar Studios characters
Actor
Actress
A-list Actor
Big Star
Celebrity
Chic Actress
Child Star
Comedian
Fine Actor
Movie Star
New Actress
Star Actor
Suit Actor
Unique Star
Veteran Star
Generation VI
Trainer class
Ace Duo
Artist Family
Baron
Baroness
Battle Chatelaine
Brains & Brawn
Butler
Chef
Countess
Driver
Duchess
Duke
Earl
Fairy Tale Girl
Furisode Girl
Garçon
Gardener
Grand Duchess
Honeymooners
Lumiose Gang Member
Marchioness
Marquis
Monsieur
Mysterious Sisters
Owner
Poké Fan Family
Pokémon Professor
Punk Couple
Punk Girl
Punk Guy
Rangers
Rising Star
Roller Skater
Schoolboy
Schoolgirl
Sky Trainer
Successor
Suspicious Child
Suspicious Lady
Suspicious Woman
Team Flare
Team Flare Admin
Team Flare Boss
Team Flare Grunt
Tourist
Viscount
Viscountess
Introduced in Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire
Delinquent
Fare Prince
Free Diver
Lorekeeper
Proprietor
Rotation Girl
Scuba Diver
Secret Base Expert
Secret Base Trainer
Sootopolitan
Street Thug

Super Smash Bros. series

Main article: Pokémon Trainer (Super Smash Bros.)

There is a playable character called ”Pokémon Trainer” in the game Super Smash Bros. Brawl. His appearance is based on Red‘s Generation III design, and he uses members of the evolutionary families of the Kanto starters to battle against the others.

Trophy information

Two trophies appear in the 3DS version of Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS/Wii U, one of the Brawl character and one of the player characters from Pokémon X and Y.

Pokémon Trainer

NA: Pop quiz! What do Misty, Brock, Cynthia, Iris, and Ash all have in common? That’s right—they’re all Pokémon Trainers! This Pokémon Master in the making is the same. Back in Super Smash Bros. Brawl, he fought to be the very best—like no one ever was. To smash them was his real test—to launch them was his cause!

PAL: Quiz time! What do Misty, Brock, Cynthia, Iris and Ash all have in common? That’s right – they’re all Pokémon Trainers! This Pokémon Master in the making is just the same. He fought to be the very best – like no one ever was – back in Super Smash Bros. Brawl. To smash them was his real test – to launch them was his cause.

Pokémon Trainer (Pokémon X & Y) (NA)/Trainers (PAL)

NA: We suppose it’s possible you’ve missed out up till now, so let us explain: in Pokémon, you set out from your hometown on a Pokémon journey, catching Pokémon and fighting battles with them. In Pokémon X and Pokémon Y, you reach the next town and find yourself embroiled in a tale of… No, wait—no spoilers!

PAL: If you’ve been living under a rock for some years now, let us explain. In Pokémon, you start from your home town on your own Pokémon journey, catching Pokémon and fighting battles with them. In Pokémon X and Pokémon Y, you reach the next town and find yourself embroiled in a tale of… Well, we won’t spoil it for you.

As a Trainer class

The Trainer class as it appears in-battle. In this screen, Red challenges the player character, Ethan.

In the games, Pokémon Trainer (rendered as ”PKMN Trainer” until Generation VI, in which the full title ”Pokémon Trainer” is written out) is used as the Trainer class for certain storyline characters. These opponents tend to be the most powerful non-arena Trainers the player will face, notably including rivals (exceptBlue and Silver, who are instead outright referred to as rivals), Red, Cal and Carrie from Pokémon Gold, Silver, Crystal, HeartGold, and SoulSilver (though Carrie can’t be fought in the re-makes), Steven from Pokémon Emerald, the Stat Trainers from Pokémon Platinum, Cynthia from Generation V, Rood, Alder,Cilan, Chili, and Cress from Pokémon Black 2 and White 2, AZ and Essentia from Pokémon X and Y, and Zinnia in her first encounter from Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire. N and Colress also use this class until they are revealed to be members of Team Plasma, and return back to using it after Team Plasma’s defeat. Malva also uses this class when battled during the Looker Quest. This class is used for every opponent in link battles and the Pokémon World Tournament.

Trivia

  • For Gettin’ Twiggy With It!, Professor Oak’s Big Pokémon Encyclopedia is about Pokémon Trainers. He writes this senryū about it: 「さあ10さい ぼくもわたしも トレーナー」 ”Ah, the age 10; we will all be Trainers.”
  • It is stated in the anime that a person may not become a Trainer until the age of 10; however, this is not the case in other media as some Trainers are obviously below the minimum age, such as the Trainer classes Twins, Tuber, and Preschooler. Some Preschoolers in the Battle Subway emphasize the fact that they are four years old.
  • In Generation I and Generation II, the word ”Trainer” is not capitalized. However, it is capitalized in later games.
  • In Pocket Monsters: The Animation, it was revealed that Pokémon training was a very dangerous sport, as the mere act of training a Pokémon can result in severe injuries or even death. It also mentions that various men try to go out and become a Pokémon trainer at age 10 (which was considered the legal age of adulthood), and there was a high dropout rate regarding whether they become skilled trainers that afterwards they come across as incompetent. It is also implied that this is the reason why most of the professional workplaces are almost entirely staffed by women.

In other languages

Language Title
Chinese Cantonese 寶可夢訓練家* Pokémon Fanlihngā
寵物小精靈訓練員* Chúngmaht-síujīnglìhng Fanlihnyùhn
小精靈訓練員* Síujīnglìhng Fanlihnyùhn
精靈訓練員* Jīnglìhng Fanlihnyùhn
Mandarin 寶可夢訓練家/宝可梦训练家* Pokémon Xùnliànjiā
神奇寶貝訓練家*/神奇宝贝训练家* Shénqí-baǒbeì Xùnliànjiā
精灵宝可梦训练家* Jīnglíng-Pokémon Xùnliànjiā
Croatia Flag.png Croatian Pokémon Trener
The Czech Republic Flag.png Czech Trenér Pokémonů
Denmark Flag.png Danish Pokémon-træner
Finland Flag.png Finnish Pokémon-kouluttaja
Pokémon-valmentaja*
France Flag.png French Dresseur de Pokémon
Germany Flag.png German Pokémon-Trainer
Greece Flag.png Greek Εκπαιδευτής Πόκεμον Ekpaideftís Pókemon
Hungary Flag.png Hungarian Pokémon-tréner
Indonesia Flag.png Indonesian Pelatih Pokémon
Italy Flag.png Italian Allenatore di Pokémon (♂)
Allenatrice di Pokémon (♀)
South Korea Flag.png Korean 포켓몬 트레이너 Pocketmon Trainer
Norway Flag.png Norwegian Pokémon-trener
Poland Flag.png Polish Trener Pokémonów
Portugal Flag.png Portuguese Treinador Pokémon (♂)
Treinadora Pokémon (♀)
Romania Flag.png Romanian Antrenor Pokémon
Russia Flag.png Russian Тренер Покемонов Trener Pokémonov
Spain Flag.png Spanish Entrenador Pokémon (♂)
Entrenadora Pokémon (♀)
Sweden Flag.png Swedish Pokémon-tränare
Thailand Flag.png Thai โปเกม่อนเทรนเนอร์ Pokémon Trainer
Turkey Flag.png Turkish Pokémon Eğitmeni

See also

DawnChallenge.png The Pokémon League VSLucian.png
Participation
TrainerBattleGym Leaders
GymsBadgesHall of Fame
Championship matches
Elite FourOrange League
Pokémon World Tournament
Pokémon League Conferences
IndigoSilverEver Grande
Lily of the ValleyVertressLumiose
Pokémon League locations
Indigo PlateauPummelo Stadium*Mt. Silver*
Ever GrandePokémon League*/Lily of the Valley*
Pokémon League*/Vertress*Pokémon League/Lumiose*
Regional Pokémon Leagues
IndigoOrange*JohtoHoenn
SinnohUnovaKalos
Areas of jurisdiction
Pokémon League Reception GateCerulean Cave
Trainer classes in the Pokémon core series
Kanto Ace Trainer*BeautyBikerBird KeeperBlack Belt*Bug CatcherBurglarCamper*ChampionGSCFRLGHGSS
ChannelerCue BallElite FourGSCFRLGHGSSEngineerFishermanGamer*GentlemanHikerJugglerLass
LeaderGSCFRLGHGSSPicnicker*Poké Maniac*PKMN TrainerGSCPsychicRivalRocker
Rocket Boss*FRLGHGSSSailorScientistSuper NerdSwimmerTamerTeam Rocket Grunt*Youngster
BoarderHGSSDouble TeamHGSSFirebreatherGSCHGSSGuitaristGSCHGSSMediumGSCHGSSPokéfanGSCHGSS
School Kid*GSCHGSSSkierHGSSTeacherGSCHGSSTwinsGSCFRLGHGSS
Cool CoupleFRLGCrush KinFRLGSis and BroFRLGYoung CoupleFRLGHGSS
Beta Trainer class:
ChiefRGBY
Johto Ace Trainer*BeautyBikerBird KeeperBlack Belt*BoarderBug CatcherBurglarCamper
ChampionExecutive*FirebreatherFisherman*GentlemanGuitaristHikerJugglerKimono GirlLass
LeaderMediumPicnickerPokéfanPoké Maniac*PKMN TrainerPoliceman*PsychicRivalSage
SailorSchool Kid*ScientistSkierSuper NerdSwimmerTeacherTeam Rocket Grunt*TwinsYoungster
Mystery ManCHGSS*
Double TeamHGSSElderHGSSYoung CoupleHGSS
Only in the Battle FrontierHGSS:
Aroma LadyArtistBattle GirlCameramanClownCollector
CowgirlCyclistDragon TamerIdolJoggerLadyNinja Boy
Parasol LadyPIPoké KidPKMN BreederPKMN Ranger
RancherReporterRich BoyRoughneckRuin ManiacSocialite
TuberVeteranWaiterWaitressWorker
Arcade StarCastle ValetFactory HeadHall MatronTower Tycoon
Hoenn Ace Trainer*Aqua AdminSEASAqua LeaderSEASAroma LadyBattle GirlBeautyBird KeeperBlack Belt
Bug CatcherBug ManiacCamperChampionCollectorDragon TamerElite FourExpertFisherman
GentlemanGuitaristHex ManiacHikerInterviewersKindlerLadyLassLeaderMagma AdminREOR
Magma LeaderREORNinja BoyOld CoupleParasol LadyPicnickerPoké FanPoké ManiacPokémon Ranger
Pokémon TrainerPokémon BreederPsychicRich BoyRuin ManiacSailorSchoolkid*Sis and BroSwimmer
Team Aqua GruntSEASTeam Magma GruntREORTeammates*TriathleteTuberTwinsWinstrateYoung CoupleYoungster
Ace DuoORASBrains & BrawnORASBackpackerORASDelinquentORASFairy Tale GirlORASFare PrinceORASFree DiverORAS
LorekeeperORASMysterious SistersORASProprietorORASRotation GirlORASScuba DiverORASSecret Base ExpertORAS
Secret Base TrainerORASSootopolitanORASStreet ThugORAS
Battle Frontier only:E
Arena TycoonDome AceFactory HeadPalace MavenPike QueenPyramid KingSalon Maiden
Battle Institute and Battle Maison only:ORAS
ArtistBattle ChatelaineButlerChefFurisode GirlGarçonGardenerMadameMaidMonsieurOwnerPreschoolerPunk Girl
Punk GuyRising StarRoller SkaterSchoolboySchoolgirlScientistTouristVeteranWaitressWorker
Sinnoh Ace TrainerAroma LadyArtistBattle GirlBeautyBelle & PaBird KeeperBlack BeltBug CatcherCameraman
CamperChampionClownCollectorCommanderCowgirlCyclistDouble TeamDragon TamerElite Four
FishermanGalactic BossGalactic GruntGentlemanGuitaristHikerIdolInterviewersJoggerLadyLassLeader
Ninja BoyParasol LadyPicnickerPIPokéfanPoké KidPKMN BreederPKMN RangerPKMN Trainer
PolicemanPsychicRancherReporterRich BoyRoughneckRuin ManiacSailorSchool KidScientistSkier
SocialiteSwimmerTower TycoonTuberTwinsVeteranWaiterWaitressWorkerYoung CoupleYoungster
Arcade StarPtCastle ValetPtFactory HeadPtHall MatronPtMaidPt
Unova Ace TrainerArtistBackersBackpackerBakerBattle GirlBeautyB2W2BikerBlack BeltBoss TrainerB2W2Champion
ClerkCyclistDancerDepot AgentDoctorElite FourFishermanGAME FREAKGentlemanGuitaristB2W2Harlequin
HikerHooligansHoopsterInfielderJanitorLadyLassLeaderLinebackerMaidMotorcyclistMusicianNurse
Nursery AideParasol LadyPilotPokéfanPKMN BreederPKMN RangerPKMN TrainerPoliceman
PreschoolerPsychicRich BoyRoughneckSchool KidScientistSmasherSocialiteStrikerSubway Boss
SwimmerTeam PlasmaTeam Plasma GruntThe RichesBWTwinsVeteranWaiterWaitressWorkerYoungster
Pokéstar Studios Only:B2W2
A-list ActorActorActressBig StarCelebrityChic ActressChild StarComedianFine Actor
Movie StarNew ActressStar ActorSuit ActorUnique StarVeteran Star
Pokémon World Tournament Only:B2W2
Junior RepresentativeMaster RepresentativeSenior Representative
World ChampionWorld FinalistWorld Runner-up
Kalos Ace DuoAce TrainerArtistArtist FamilyBackpackerBattle GirlBeautyBlack BeltBrains & Brawn
ButlerChampionChefDriverElite FourFairy Tale GirlFishermanFurisode GirlGarçonGardener
Hex ManiacHikerHoneymoonersLassLeaderLumiose Gang MemberMysterious SistersOwner
Poké FanPoké Fan FamilyPokémon BreederPokémon ProfessorPokémon RangerPokémon Trainer
PreschoolerPsychicPunk CouplePunk GirlPunk GuyRangersRising StarRoller Skater
SchoolboySchoolgirlScientistSky TrainerSuccessorSuspicious ChildSuspicious Lady
Suspicious WomanSwimmerTeam FlareTeam Flare AdminTeam Flare BossTeam Flare Grunt
TouristTwinsVeteranWaitressWorkerYoungster
Battle Chateau Ranks:
By Male: BaronViscountEarlMarquisDukeGrand Duke
By Female: BaronessViscountessCountessMarchionessDuchessGrand Duchess
Only in Battle Institute and Battle Maison:
Battle ChatelaineLadyMadameMaidMonsieurRich Boy
Project CharacterDex logo.png This Trainer Class article is part of Project CharacterDex, a Bulbapedia project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each character found in the Pokémon games.

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GYM LEADER

Gym Leader

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From Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia.

A Gym Leader (Japanese: ジムリーダー Gym Leader) is the highest-ranking member of a Pokémon Gym. The main job of a Gym Leader is to test Trainers and their Pokémon so that they are strong and resourceful enough to compete against the Elite Four in the games or the Pokémon League in the anime. If a Trainer defeats a Gym Leader in battle, then the Trainer earns that Gym’s Badge.

A Gym Leader’s job is not just to test upcoming Trainers. They must oversee how their respective Gym is run and maintain it. Great care must be taken to make sure that their Gym reflects the best environment for the Pokémon type and playing style of choice, usually an environment that suits that type of Pokémon used there (like pools in a Water-type Gym or flowers and plants in a Grass-typeGym). According to Morty, teaching young people how to battle with Pokémon can also be the job of a Gym Leader.

It has not exactly been made clear how Gym Leaders attain their position, but it appears that it varies for each Gym. Some of them founded their Gym and are self-appointed; others, such as Whitney, are chosen by the other members of the region’s Pokémon League. A few appear to be passed on through families: Janine, Falkner, and Flannery all take over their respective Gyms from a close family member. However, Gyms do not necessarily belong to a particular family; Roark and his father Byron are both Gym Leaders at the same time, in different Gyms. Leaders can also choose to vacate their position; examples include Koga, Giovanni, and Wallace.

Although similar in nature, Frontier Brains, Colosseum Leaders, and Club Masters are not considered Gym Leaders.

Pokémon used

Nearly all Leaders rely on a single type of Pokémon. For example, Erika uses only Grass-type Pokémon in official Gym battles. Some Leaders, however, stray from this mold, albeit rarely. This is evidenced by the different types used by Blue during his reign as the Gym Leader of the Viridian Gym in Generations II and IV, although he is the only Gym Leader to do so. However, many Gym Leaders have one or two Pokémon that stray from their type theme.

Geography and climate can often be connected to the type of Pokémon the Gym Leader of that area uses. Pastoria Gym Leader, Crasher Wake, uses Water-type Pokémon, a direct allusion to the flooded marsh that surrounds the area and the constant downpour that plagues Pastoria City. Another example of this is the Cinnabar Gym Leader, Blaine, who uses Fire-type Pokémon and lives in a volcanic area.

The character archetype can also reflect the type of Pokémon a Leader uses. For example, Roark and Byron, who are both miners, use the related Rock– and Steel-type Pokémon. Tate and Liza could be based on the archetype of twins who can communicate telepathically, and thus train Psychic-type Pokémon and being twins, they also battle opposing Trainers in Double Battles, being the only Leaders to do so.

In the games

Leader Roxanne challenges the player

A Leader (Japanese: ジムリーダー Gym Leader) is the Trainer class name given to the Gym Leaders when they are battled in the Pokémon games. Despite Gym Leaders themselves being introduced in Generation I, the name did not appear onscreen until Generation II, and has been incorporated into every game since. Gym Leaders are integral within the Pokémon universe. In order for one to advance in the game, the player must occasionally challenge and defeat the leader of a Gym. Each game is designed in such a way that the player will not be able to move forward until they receive aGym Badge which will, in turn, either allow them to use an HM to overcome natural obstacles, or trigger a necessary event to continue with the game. It is one of the player’s main objectives to collect eight Gym Badges, allowing him or her to challenge the Elite Four.

Leaders do not seem to be required to be in their Gyms at all times. Giovanni, for example, could keep his title as a Gym Leader despite not being at theViridian Gym during the majority of the events of Generation I, and his successor, Blue, was also absent from the Gym several times. Beginning inGeneration IV, Leaders are increasingly encountered outside of their Gyms, evident in the remakes Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver, where the Leaders have to be found in different locations at specific times before they can exchange phone numbers with the player for a rematch at the Fighting Dojo. Some Leaders even appear across regions, such as Jasmine appearing in Sunyshore City, Crasher Wake on Route 47, and Maylene in Celadon City. Leaders can even challenge other Gyms and the Elite Four (like Volkner wanted to do). In later games, it is made apparent that Gym Leaders know each other and are acquainted with Gym Leaders from other regions, as well as with members of the Elite Four and Champions. Examples of this are Jasmine being friends with Erika, Volkner being friends with Flint, Brawly training with Bruno, and most Unova Gym Leaders coming together to fight Team Plasma‘s Seven Sages.

In addition, some Gym Leaders may be required to use Pokémon different then their usual team, such as Cheren in Black 2 and White 2. Due to their higher AI compared to regular trainers, Gym Leaders are also one of the few Trainers to employ the use of Potions when battling.

Gym Trainers

In addition to Gym Leaders, there are also Gym Trainers. While not an official Trainer class, they are Trainers that are either a devotee or apprentice to the Gym Leader, who follow the same type theme as the Leader does. It is usually necessary to defeat multiple Gym Trainers before challenging the Gym Leader. Some Gyms in the game require the player to solve a puzzle, and one must often use Gym Trainers as obstacles to reach the solution. They have no direct impact on the overall plot, other than rarely offering the player helpful advice. It is also worth noting that the type of Trainerappearing in a Gym will depend on the Gym itself. For instance, Gardenia employs Aroma Ladies and Beauties, exclusively, while Misty recruits Sailors and Swimmers; these Gym Leaders represent thetypes Grass and Water, respectively.

In the anime

The Gym Leaders of Kalos in the anime

In the anime, Trainers challenge Gym Leaders at their respective Gyms in order to earn Badges. If a Trainer earns eight Badges from one region, they become eligible to enter that region’s Pokémon League Conference.

There are more than eight Gyms (and thus Gym Leaders) in each region. Many Trainers in the anime been shown to have Badges that do not exist in the games, such as Gary Oak earning ten Badges in Kanto. Other Badges observed in the anime which do not correspond to known Badges suggest that there are at least nine Gyms in Hoenn, 11 in Sinnoh, 14 in Unova, and 11 in Kalos. 11 Gyms have been shown on-screen in Unova.

All Gym Leaders since Flannery have appeared in at least one episode before Ash earned a Badge from them.

After Ash defeats the Gym Leader and wins a Badge, the Gym Leader rarely make an appearance afterwards, with the exception of Team Rocket boss Giovanni, and Gym Leaders who are his traveling companions or their relatives.

In the manga

050Diglett.png This section is incomplete.
Please feel free to edit this section to add missing information and complete it.
Reason: Needs other manga, more info for Adventures after DP chapter.

In the Pokémon Adventures manga

In the Pokémon Adventures manga, Gym Leaders have the same jobs as in the games and anime, but are also shown to throw away their role as Leader and pursue other goals. Some Gym Leaders even become evil, such as Koga, Lt. Surge, Sabrina, and Pryce. In order to become a Gym Leader in Adventures, one needs to fight a Trainer chosen by the Pokémon Association and win in front of them without letting one of their own Pokémon faint. The one exception to this rule seen so far has been by Blue when he defended the building where Red took his exam, since Red had to decline becoming a Gym Leader due to an injury, despite having passed the exam. Some Gym Leaders have jobs outside of their Gyms, but some of them focus solely on training their skills.

Gym Leaders are highly respected in their respective home regions and usually in other regions as well. When crises emerge, it is highly probable for Gym Leaders to gather to discuss about the situation that has befallen the region and what to do with it, with the most well-known example being the Hoenn Gym Leaders gathering at Fortree City during the Ruby & Sapphire chapter to decide which team—Team Magma or Team Aqua—they should support. They also tend to help Pokédex holders to fight the villains who are usually behind different crises, a great example being the Sinnoh Gym Leaders fighting Team Galactic at Spear Pillar near the end of the Diamond & Pearl chapter. All of the Kanto and Johto Gym Leaders were called up for a tournament held at Indigo Plateau (which was interrupted by the Masked Man) to fight as teams to see which region had stronger Gym Leaders. The Kanto team won with four wins, three losses and one draw.

In the Pokémon Gold & Silver: The Golden Boys manga

The Kanto Gym Leaders in Pocket Monsters HGSS Jō’s Big Adventure

In Pokémon Gold & Silver: The Golden Boys, Gold meets many Gym Leaders in his travels, as it is his goal to collect all eight Gym Badges. The first Gym Leader challenged by Gold was Falkner, who he defeated in Falkner The Bird Keeper’s Challenge!!. He defeats Bugsy in Get up Again, Bayleef. He meets Whitney in For Pikachu’s Sake!! The Search For The Missing Farfetch’d and loses to her in battle, so she takes away his Pikachu temporarily. Whitney travels with Gold for a while, arriving at the Pokémon Summit, a conference for Gym Leaders and Pokémon researchers, in Gold and Black VS Team Rocket. Gold finally defeats Whitney in A Promise Given to Miltank, earning his Pikachu back as well as the Plain Badge.

In Let’s Fight! The Mini Pokémon Tournament, Morty offers Gold the Fog Badge for free, as he is unable to battle him at the time due to other commitments and he believes that Gold has already demonstrated his fighting skills by defending the Pokémon Summit against Team Rocket. However, Gold refuses, insisting that he must battle Morty another time and earn the Badge properly. He meets Jasmine in A Spectacular Battle To Save Ampharos and Chuck in The Secret Of The Fighting Type Pokémon. As the manga ended abruptly, Pryce and Clair never appeared, nor did the Pokémon League.

In the Pocket Monsters HGSS Jō’s Big Adventure manga

Throughout the journey, faced many Gym Leaders of Kanto and Johto. All of them except for Falkner appeared as silhouettes.

List of Gym Leaders

Indigo League

Indigo League
Generations I, II, III, and IV Region: Kanto
Gym Leader
Japanese
Location
Japanese
Type Badge
{{{size}}}
Brock
タケシ Takeshi
Pewter City
ニビシティ
Nibi City
Rock Boulder Badge.png
Boulder Badge
{{{size}}}
Misty
カスミ Kasumi
Cerulean City
ハナダシティ
Hanada City
Water Cascade Badge.png
Cascade Badge
{{{size}}}
Lt. Surge
マチス Matis
Vermilion City
クチバシティ
Kuchiba City
Electric Thunder Badge.png
Thunder Badge
{{{size}}}
Erika
エリカ Erika
Celadon City
タマムシシティ
Tamamushi City
Grass Rainbow Badge.png
Rainbow Badge
VSKoga.png
Koga
キョウ Kyō I III
VSJanine.png
Janine
アンズ Anzu II IV
Fuchsia City
セキチクシティ
Sekichiku City
Poison Soul Badge.png
Soul Badge
{{{size}}}
Sabrina
ナツメ Natsume
Saffron City
ヤマブキシティ
Yamabuki City
Psychic Marsh Badge.png
Marsh Badge
{{{size}}}
Blaine
カツラ Katsura
Cinnabar Island
グレンじま
Guren Island I III
Fire Volcano Badge.png
Volcano Badge
Seafoam Islands
ふたごじま
Twin Islands II IV
VSGiovanni.png
Giovanni
サカキ Sakaki I III
VSBlue.png
Blue
グリーン Green II IV
Viridian City
トキワシティ
Tokiwa City
Ground Various Earth Badge.png
Earth Badge

Johto League

Johto League
Generations II and IV Region: Johto
Gym Leader
Japanese
Location
Japanese
Type Badge
VSFalkner.png
Falkner
ハヤト Hayato
Violet City
キキョウシティ
Kikyō City
Flying Zephyr Badge.png
Zephyr Badge
VSBugsy.png
Bugsy
ツクシ Tsukushi
Azalea Town
ヒワダタウン
Hiwada Town
Bug Hive Badge.png
Hive Badge
VSWhitney.png
Whitney
アカネ Akane
Goldenrod City
コガネシティ
Kogane City
Normal Plain Badge.png
Plain Badge
VSMorty.png
Morty
マツバ Matsuba
Ecruteak City
エンジュシティ
Enju City
Ghost Fog Badge.png
Fog Badge
VSChuck.png
Chuck
シジマ Shijima
Cianwood City
タンバシティ
Tanba City
Fighting Storm Badge.png
Storm Badge
VSJasmine.png
Jasmine
ミカン Mikan
Olivine City
アサギシティ
Asagi City
Steel Mineral Badge.png
Mineral Badge
VSPryce.png
Pryce
ヤナギ Yanagi
Mahogany Town
チョウジタウン
Chōji Town
Ice Glacier Badge.png
Glacier Badge
VSClair.png
Clair
イブキ Ibuki
Blackthorn City
フスベシティ
Fusube City
Dragon Rising Badge.png
Rising Badge

Hoenn League

Hoenn League
Generations III and VI Region: Hoenn
Gym Leader
Japanese
Location
Japanese
Type Badge
VSRoxanne.png
Roxanne
ツツジ Tsutsuji
Rustboro City
カナズミシティ
Kanazumi City
Rock Stone Badge.png
Stone Badge
VSBrawly.png
Brawly
トウキ Tōki
Dewford Town
ムロタウン
Muro Town
Fighting Knuckle Badge.png
Knuckle Badge
VSWattson.png
Wattson
テッセン Tessen
Mauville City
キンセツシティ
Kinsetsu City
Electric Dynamo Badge.png
Dynamo Badge
VSFlannery.png
Flannery
アスナ Asuna
Lavaridge Town
フエンタウン
Fuen Town
Fire Heat Badge.png
Heat Badge
VSNorman.png
Norman
センリ Senri
Petalburg City
トウカシティ
Tōka City
Normal Balance Badge.png
Balance Badge
VSWinona.png
Winona
ナギ Nagi
Fortree City
ヒワマキシティ
Hiwamaki City
Flying Feather Badge.png
Feather Badge
VSLiza & Tate.png
Tate and Liza
フウとラン Fū and Lan
Mossdeep City
トクサネシティ
Tokusane City
Psychic Mind Badge.png
Mind Badge
VSWallace.png
Wallace
ミクリ MikuriRSORAS
VSJuan.png
Juan
アダン AdanE
Sootopolis City
ルネシティ
Rune City
Water Rain Badge.png
Rain Badge

Sinnoh League

Sinnoh League
Generation IV Region: Sinnoh
Gym Leader
Japanese
Location
Japanese
Type Badge
VSRoark.png
Roark
ヒョウタ Hyouta
Oreburgh City
クロガネシティ
Kurogane City
Rock Coal Badge.png
Coal Badge
VSGardenia.png
Gardenia
ナタネ Natane
Eterna City
ハクタイシティ
Hakutai City
Grass Forest Badge.png
Forest Badge
VSMaylene.png
Maylene
スモモ Sumomo
Veilstone City
トバリシティ
Tobari City
Fighting Cobble Badge.png
Cobble Badge
VSCrasher Wake.png
Crasher Wake
マキシマム仮面 Maximum Mask
Pastoria City
ノモセシティ
Nomose City
Water Fen Badge.png
Fen Badge
VSFantina.png
Fantina
メリッサ Melissa
Hearthome City
ヨスガシティ
Yosuga City
Ghost Relic Badge.png
Relic Badge
VSByron.png
Byron
トウガン Tougan
Canalave City
ミオシティ
Mio City
Steel Mine Badge.png
Mine Badge
VSCandice.png
Candice
スズナ Suzuna
Snowpoint City
キッサキシティ
Kissaki City
Ice Icicle Badge.png
Icicle Badge
VSVolkner.png
Volkner
デンジ Denzi
Sunyshore City
ナギサシティ
Nagisa City
Electric Beacon Badge.png
Beacon Badge

Unova League

Black and White

Unova League
Generation V Region: Unova
Gym Leader
Japanese
Location
Japanese
Type Badge
VSCilan.png
Cilan
デント Dent
VSChili.png
Chili
ポッド Pod
VSCress.png
Cress
コーン Corn
Striaton City
サンヨウシティ
Sanyou City
Grass Fire Water Trio Badge.png
Trio Badge
{{{size}}}
Lenora
アロエ Aloe
Nacrene City
シッポウシティ
Shippou City
Normal Basic Badge.png
Basic Badge
{{{size}}}
Burgh
アーティ Arty
Castelia City
ヒウンシティ
Hiun City
Bug Insect Badge.png
Insect Badge
{{{size}}}
Elesa
カミツレ Kamitsure
Nimbasa City
ライモンシティ
Raimon City
Electric Bolt Badge.png
Bolt Badge
{{{size}}}
Clay
ヤーコン Yakon
Driftveil City
ホドモエシティ
Hodomoe City
Ground Quake Badge.png
Quake Badge
{{{size}}}
Skyla
フウロ Huuro
Mistralton City
フキヨセシティ
Fukiyose City
Flying Jet Badge.png
Jet Badge
{{{size}}}
Brycen
ハチク Hachiku
Icirrus City
セッカシティ
Sekka City
Ice Freeze Badge.png
Freeze Badge
VSDrayden.png
Drayden
シャガ ShagaB
VSIris.png
Iris
アイリス IrisW
Opelucid City
ソウリュウシティ
Souryuu City
Dragon Legend Badge.png
Legend Badge

Black 2 and White 2

Unova League
Generation V Region: Unova
Gym Leader
Japanese
Location
Japanese
Type Badge
VSCheren 2.png
Cheren
チェレン Cheren
Aspertia City
ヒオウギシティ
Hiougi City
Normal Basic Badge.png
Basic Badge
VSRoxie.png
Roxie
ホミカ Homika
Virbank City
タチワキシティ
Tachiwaki City
Poison Toxic Badge.png
Toxic Badge
VSBurgh.png
Burgh
アーティ Arty
Castelia City
ヒウンシティ
Hiun City
Bug Insect Badge.png
Insect Badge
VSElesa 2.png
Elesa
カミツレ Kamitsure
Nimbasa City
ライモンシティ
Raimon City
Electric Bolt Badge.png
Bolt Badge
VSClay.png
Clay
ヤーコン Yakon
Driftveil City
ホドモエシティ
Hodomoe City
Ground Quake Badge.png
Quake Badge
VSSkyla.png
Skyla
フウロ Huuro
Mistralton City
フキヨセシティ
Fukiyose City
Flying Jet Badge.png
Jet Badge
VSDrayden.png
Drayden
シャガ Shaga
Opelucid City
ソウリュウシティ
Souryuu City
Dragon Legend Badge.png
Legend Badge
VSMarlon.png
Marlon
シズイ Shizui
Humilau City
セイガイハシティ
Seigaiha City
Water Wave Badge.png
Wave Badge

Kalos League

Kalos League
Generation VI Region: Kalos
Gym Leader
Japanese
Location
Japanese
Type Badge
VSViola.png
Viola
ビオラ Viola
Santalune City
ハクダンシティ
Hakudan City
Bug Bug Badge.png
Bug Badge
VSGrant.png
Grant
ザクロ Zakuro
Cyllage City
ショウヨウシティ
Shōyō City
Rock Cliff Badge.png
Cliff Badge
VSKorrina.png
Korrina
コルニ Corni
Shalour City
シャラシティ
Shara City
Fighting Rumble Badge.png
Rumble Badge
VSRamos.png
Ramos
フクジ Fukuji
Coumarine City
ヒヨクシティ
Hiyoku City
Grass Plant Badge.png
Plant Badge
VSClemont.png
Clemont
シトロン Citron
Lumiose City
ミアレシティ
Miare City
Electric Voltage Badge.png
Voltage Badge
VSValerie.png
Valerie
マーシュ Mache
Laverre City
クノエシティ
Kunoe City
Fairy Fairy Badge.png
Fairy Badge
VSOlympia.png
Olympia
ゴジカ Gojika
Anistar City
ヒャッコクシティ
Hyakkoku City
Psychic Psychic Badge.png
Psychic Badge
VSWulfric.png
Wulfric
ウルップ Urup
Snowbelle City
エイセツシティ
Eisetsu City
Ice Iceberg Badge.png
Iceberg Badge

Orange League

Orange League
Anime-exclusive Region: Orange Archipelago
Gym Leader
Japanese
Location
Japanese
Challenge Prize
CissySmall.png
Cissy
アツミ Atsumi
Mikan Island
ナツカン島
Natsukan Island
Water Gun target test
Surfing race
Coral-Eye Badge.png
Coral-Eye Badge
DannySmall.png
Danny
ダン Dan
Navel Island
ネーブル島
Navel Island
Climb mountain (to qualify)
Freeze a geyser race
Build a Toboggan
Toboggan race
Sea Ruby Badge.png
Sea Ruby Badge
RudySmall.png
Rudy
ジギー Ziggy
Trovita Island
ユズ島
Yuzu Island
Target test
Same-type Pokémon battle
Spike Shell Badge.png
Spike Shell Badge
LuanaSmall.png
Luana
ルリコ Ruriko
Kumquat Island
リュウチン島
Ryūchin Island
Double Battle Jade Star Badge.png
Jade Star Badge
DrakeSmall.png
Drake
ユウジ Yūji
Pummelo Island
カンキツ島
Kankitsu Island
Full Battle WinnerTrophy.png
Winner’s Trophy
Honor at the
Palace of Victory

Trivia

  • Every Gym Leader that specializes in Ghost– and Steel-type Pokémon uses Gengar and Steelix respectively in battle.
  • Even though there are 51 known Gyms in the games, with 58 Gym Leaders among them, there has not yet been a Gym specializing in Dark-type Pokémon, although there have been three Elite Fourmembers; Karen, Sidney, and Grimsley. All the other seventeen types have at least one Gym associated with them. Electric-type specialist Gyms appear in five of the six regions.
  • For Setting the World on Its Buneary, Professor Oak’s Big Pokémon Encyclopedia is about Gym Leaders. He writes this senryū about them: 「ジムリーダー いのちをかけて かかってこい」 ”Gym Leader, put your life on the line and challenge me.”
  • In the Johto saga of the anime, none of the Gym Leaders had exactly the same lineups as they do in the games.
  • In the games, every Gym Leader has at least one Pokémon in his or her party that knows the TM move he or she gives out upon defeat. Former Gym Leaders do not count in this, as Wallace when he is faced as Champion and Giovanni when he is faced in Generation IV do not have Pokémon that know the move they gave out as TMs when they were faced as Gym Leaders in previous games. Koga, despite not being a Gym Leader in Generation IV, has several Pokémon that know Toxic, the move he last gave out as a TM.
  • From Generations I-V (not counting remakes), every move that was in a TM given out by a Gym Leader was a new move for that generation, and many of them were rarely (if ever) seen on any other Pokemon in the generation they were introduced. This trend has been broken in Generation VI, where only three Gym Leaders—Viola, Korrina, and Valerie—hand out TMs with moves new to the generation.
  • In Pokémon Ruby, Sapphire, and Emerald, the player can continue the game without defeating Winona of Fortree City until attempting to battle the Elite Four.
  • The Orange League is the only one so far in which Ash has successfully defeated all the Gym Leaders without a rematch.
  • In Pocket Monsters: The Animation, it was mentioned that the position of Gym Leaders was very unforgiving, as it had a three-strike rule stating that if a Gym Leader lost three times in a row, the Gym will be disqualified. It also revealed that being a Gym Leader was costly, leaving little pay, and the government can’t provide for them. It also revealed that the rather brutal nature of Gym leading was one of the reasons why Misty‘s and Brock‘s parents ended up abandoning them to Gym duties.

In other languages

Language Title
Chinese Cantonese 道館掌門人 Dougún Jéungmùhnyàhn
Mandarin 道館訓練家 / 道馆训练家 Dàoguǎn Xùnliànjiā (anime, Adventures)
練功場首領 Liàngōngcháng Shǒulǐng (Adventures)
訓練館首領 / 训练馆首领 Xùnliànguǎn Shǒulǐng (Adventures, Zensho)
道馆首领 Dàoguǎn Shǒulǐng (Adventures)
Denmark Flag.png Danish Styrkecenterleder
Salleder
The Netherlands Flag.png Dutch Gym Leider
Finland Flag.png Finnish Salipäällikkö
Salijohtaja
Salivalmentaja (anime)
Salinjohtaja (Pokémon Adventures)
France Flag.png French Champion
Germany Flag.png German Arenaleiter (♂)
Arenaleiterin (♀)
Greece Flag.png Greek Αρχηγός Σταδίου Archegós Stadiou
Israel Flag.png Hebrew מנהיג מכון Manhig MaHon
India Flag.png Hindi Gym Leader
Hungary Flag.png Hungarian Teremvezető
Italy Flag.png Italian Capopalestra
South Korea Flag.png Korean 체육관 관장 Cheyukgwan Gwanjang
Poland Flag.png Polish Lider Sali
Portugal Flag.png Portuguese Líder de Ginásio
Romania Flag.png Romanian Șef de Arenă
Russia Flag.png Russian Гим-лидер Gim-lider
Лидер Спортзала Lider Sportzala
Spain Flag.png Spanish Líder de gimnasio
Sweden Flag.png